This article reveals the analysis of the legislation of the Republic of kazakhstan relating to ecological responsibility of nature users. Such terms as “the system of assessment of the impact on the environment”, “environmental damage”, “direct” and “indirect” methods of economic assessment of damage are analyzed in the article. On the basis of foreign experience research the author offers the ways of improvement of national ecological legislation.
Access to information, public participation in decision making and access to justice guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of kazakhstan . Existing legislation of the Republic of kazakhstan gives the public the right to obtain information , including environmental information , public access to decision-making and justice.
In this article the author consideres actual legal issues related to the environment in the extraction of hydrocarbons in Kazakhstan. Also it provides an analysis of the current legislation, moreover, consideres Concept and Address to the nation of Kazakhstan “Kazakhstan Strategy-2050”. Also the article sugests specific recommendations and proposals that could be actually applied while implementing the Strategy 2050 of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Key words: legal protection of environment, subsurface, oil and gas, hydrocarbon feedstock, natural resources.
This article discusses possible solutions to the problem of environmental risks in the subsoil. Since harm to human health and the environment as a result of subsurface undeniable, there are many problems for their study.
The concept and foundations for contractual liability, correlation of guilty and unguilty liability in entrepreneurial sphere are considered in the article. The definition of entrepreneurial risk as the foundation for civil legal liability of an entrepreneur is given. The author made a conclusion that impossibility of fulfillment of obligation is the foundation for distribution of entrepreneurial risk between the parties of contractual obligation.
The right of access to official information is really important. The constitution of RK fixes guarantees of realization of the right of citizens to information, based on the fact that the right to information is a fundamental human right. At the same time, the current law is not fully possible to implement this law.
Initially, the economic cooperation between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan have developed quite successfully. This is confirmed by statistical data. For the post-Soviet history of bilateral economic relations greatest volume of trade recorded in 1992. According to the Executive Committee of the Interstate Council of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, in this year the trade turnover between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan reached a record level of 2.6 billion USD. At the same time Kazakhstan’s exports to Uzbekistan amounted to 15.2% of turnover with the CIS countries, and imports of Uzbek goods in Kazakhstan – 12.9%.
In article advocateship is a voluntary professional organization of the citizens who are carrying out protection on pretrial investigation, inquiry, in criminal court judge in an order established by law, besides, carrying out representation of interests of claimants and respondents in civil cases were given. Advocateship is a public self-coping organization urged to provide a legal assistance to the population and organizations by consultation on legal questions, any drawing up documents and official papers on the basis of law.
This article is devoted to the problems of legal regulation of GMOs introduction. The study lies in comprehensive research of modern ecological and legal problems on the basis of analyzing international, foreign and national legislation in the field of legal regulation of GMOs and use of chemicals in agricultural production. In this regard, proposals to improve and fill gaps in the current legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan are worked out.
Some peculiarities of the transferring rights according to bill of exchange are considered in the article. There are also some controversial issues in bill of exchange circulation dealing with legal effect, arising the transfer rights on bill of exchange in accordance with volume and content of transferring rights, committing by different types of endorsement, considered by the legislation on bill of exchange. Also in the article attention is paid to the issues dealing with the parties’ responsibility of bill of exchange liability.
This article examines the legal regulation of the Kazakhs return to their historic homeland. It is concluded that the main cause of immigration policy is the demographic situation. The problems arising from the adaptation of repatriates in the host community. Proved that the resettlement of ethnic Kazakhs from abroad to the Republic of Kazakhstanis a complex process. This process requires a balanced approach. It must take into account the financial and economic capabilities and interests of the republic, as well as international law. system of migration laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan is investigated. It is proved that the qualitative improvement of the legal framework is necessity for the successful implementation of the repatriation program.
Environmental contamination by heavy metals — copper, zinc, chromium, lead, mercury, cadmium, etc. formed by emissions into the environment by industry. Found that most of the metal is deposited in the range of 1-2 km from the emission sources, and 10-40 % — in the range of 8-10 km from the enterprises. Precipitation adequately reflects the air pollution in towns. As part of the snow, as in the accumulative indicators reflecting specific anthropogenic load of industrial zones. Important role in the accumulation of heavy metal complexes play a secondary minerals with organic matter and hydroxides of iron and aluminum. Major role in increasing migration properties of heavy metals play water-soluble organic compound, which is associated with 60-90 % of migratory environmental metals. Understanding the processes of migration and transition elements from one environment to another is of great practical importance for the study of the mechanisms and pathways to human exposure, assess the degree of toxicity of the chemical elements.
This article contains information about the availability of information on the State of the environment for the citizens of China. Access to environmental information was officially guaranteed in China in 2008, «the interim order the disclosure of environmental information, and since then efforts of many environmental NGOS aim to make this mechanism work. Institute of public policy collects official information on enterprises-pollutants and impurities and represents it on the site map pollution». In this organization now more than 80000 records, they also publish a variety of analytical work.
This article is considered the historical stages of the geoekological situation a river basin of Nura. The main regions of conversion the researching territory are studied. Based on the classification of anthropogenic impacts identified the influence of industrial enterprises on the environment a river basin of Nura.
The work purpose in the aim of preservation of biological diversity, possible full research of fund of plants is one of main objectives of modern botanical science. During experimental research was put tasks to define specific structure of mushrooms, to reveal their biogeographical distribution and a bioecological state. Work is directed on studying of biomorphological and ecological conditions of the mushrooms meeting in a neighborhood of the settlement of Bakhta of the Karkaralinsky area.