Activity of assembly of the people of Kazakhstan

The assembly is today the constitutional body headed by its Chairman – the President of the country, the guarantor of the Constitution. It defined its special high status. Legal status of Assembly is defined by the special Law RK "About Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan", "Provision on Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan" where are regulated a formation order, structure and governing bodies, definite purposes, the main objectives, activities of power of ANK, and also feature of the organization of interaction with government bodies and public associations, mechanisms of participation in development and realization of a state policy in the sphere of the interethnic relations. 

"For the purposes of further strengthening of social harmony in the country, increasing of the role of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan in ensuring national unity of the people of Kazakhstan, I hereby order to declare 2015 the year of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan," states the decree of the Head of State Nursultan Nazarbayev, published on his official website.

Important element of political system of Kazakhstan, interests of all ethnoses, providing strict observance of the rights and freedoms of citizens irrespective of their national identity the Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan, created at the initiative of the President of the country N.A. Nazarbayev became fastened on March 1, 1995.

The idea of creation was sounded by the President of Kazakhstan in 1992 at the first Forum of the people of Kazakhstan. Activity of Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan is directed on realization of the state national policy, ensuring political stability in the republic and increase of efficiency of interaction of the state and civil institutes of society in the sphere of the interethnic relations.

The assembly is today the constitutional body headed by its Chairman – the President of the country, the guarantor of the Constitution. It defined its special high status. Legal status of Assembly is defined by the special Law RK "About Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan", "Provision on Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan" where are regulated a formation order, structure and governing bodies, definite purposes, the main objectives, activities of power of ANK, and also feature of the organization of interaction with government bodies and public associations, mechanisms of participation in development and realization of a state policy in the sphere of the interethnic relations.

The supreme body of Assembly is session which takes place under the chairmanship of the President of the country. All its decisions are obligatory for consideration both government bodies, and institutes of civil society. Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan – the constitutional body. One of the main features of Assembly is the representation of interests of ethnic groups in the supreme legislative body – country Parliament as the guaranteed representation. The assembly elects 9 deputies of Mazhilis of Parliament. Deputies elected by Assembly represent its interests, as set of interests of all ethnoses of the country.

Working body is the Secretariat of Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan in structure of Presidential Administration as independent department. In it consists both effectiveness, and efficiency of its participation in public administration and the public relations. As into structure of assembly of the people of Kazakhstan enters: ANK scientific advisory council; Club of journalists and experts in the interethnic relations at ANK; Public fund "ANK Fund"; Methodical center of innovative technologies of languages studying Tildaryn; Association of businessmen of ANK. 88 schools at which training is completely conducted in the Uzbek, Tajik, Uigur and Ukrainian languages work. At 108 schools languages of 22 ethnoses of Kazakhstan are taught as an independent subject. Besides, openly 195 specialized linguistic centers where not only children, but also adults can study languages of 30 ethnoses.

In all regions friendship Houses which are located in regions with polietnichny structure of the population function. In the city of Almaty "the Friendship House", in Astana – the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation constructed at the request of the Head of state works. Here pass annual sessions of Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan, congresses of world and traditional religions, sign actions. Except the Kazakh and Russian theaters, in the country four more national theaters – Uzbek, Uigur, Korean and German work.

The special place in the sphere of ethnocultural relationship in the Republic of Kazakhstan is allocated for support of development of information and communication resources of ethnocultural associations. More than 35 ethnic newspapers and magazines actively work at an information field. The largest 6 ethnic republican newspapers work with the state support. Newspapers and magazines are issued in 11 languages, broadcasts on the 8, and telecasts in 7 languages.

According to the decree, the President gave a commission to establish a state commission to organize and conduct the events to mark the year of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan.

In addition, in 2015 Kazakhstan celebrates the 20th anniversary of the Constitution. In this regard the President instructed the Government of Kazakhstan and the Assembly to develop a national action plan to celebrate the year of the Assembly and the 20th anniversary of the Constitution, as well as to hold the Forum of People of Kazakhstan in Astana.

At a meeting the members of the Parliamentary Group of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan in the Majilis discussed the issues related to execution of the Decree and the National Action Plan for the organization of the events to mark the Year of the Kazakhstan People's Assembly and the 20th anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

According to the head of the APK Secretariat Yeraly Tugzhanov the Plan currently includes over 60 events. One of the main events is the opening of the Year of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan. Among other important events are the anniversary of the Assembly and its anniversary session. Particular attention will be paid to participation of the Assembly in the celebrations of the 70th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War.

The Assembly of People of Kazakhstan is an advisory body under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The idea to establish the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan was first announced by Nursultan Nazarbayev in 1992 at the Forum of Peoples of Kazakhstan devoted to the first anniversary of Independence. On March 1, 1995, the President issued a decree on the establishment of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan, which determined its status as an advisory body under the President. Later the Assembly was transformed into a constitutional body with a sound legal basis and the socio-political status.

The Assembly has the right to elect nine members in the Majilis representing the interests of all ethnic groups of the country.

The Assembly’s main mission is to implement the state national policy, ensure social and political stability in the country and improve cooperation between state and civil institutions in the sphere of interethnic relations.

The Assembly helps to enhance the international standing of Kazakhstan as a country which effectively solves the problems of international relations. The Assembly’s contribution has been appreciated at the highest level. During the visit to our country the former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan called Kazakhstan the model of interethnic harmony and sustainable development for other countries. The people of Kazakhstan were also praised by Pope John Paul II.

Kazakhstan People Assembly was established according to the Decree of President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbaev of 1 March 1995 as advisory -consultative body.

Aims and objectives of Assembly, structure, work organization and main directions of activity are determined in Provision on Kazakhstan People Assembly and approved by President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 26 April 2002 No 856.

Activity of Assembly is aimed at solution of following tasks:

  • promotion of stability of interethnic and inter-confessional consent, stability in the society;
  • working out of proposals on holding state policy which was promoting development of friendly relation among representatives of nations having lived at the territory of Kazakhstan;
  • formation of political culture of citizens, basing on civilized and democratic norms;
  • quest for a compromise for solution of social

The first President of the Republic of Kazakhstan is life-long Chairman of Assembly. The Chairman of Assembly determines and approves main directions of Assembly activity. The Chairman of Assembly has two deputies.

The staff of Assembly is formed from among the representatives of state bodies, national-cultural and other social associations. At present Assembly has 350 members.

Working body of Assembly is Secretariat, forming part of Administration of President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

For the last ten years Kazakhstan People Assembly became as authoritative institutional setting of interethnic relation harmonization.

More than 100 national and 170 weekend schools work in the country where 23 native languages have been teaching. 29 divisions on teaching of 12 native languages work in three schools of national. The Government of the country allocates KZT 12 million for finance support of these schools. Besides, assistance is rendered from local budget for them.

Four republican and fifteen regional nation newspapers are published and six national theatres work (Kazakh, Russian, German, Korean, Uzbek, Uigur) in Kazakhstan.

A few score of new books of ethnic group languages are annually published. Massive public holidays Nauryz, Maslenitsa, Rozhdestvo and others become traditional.

The activity of Assembly promotes the growth of international authority of Kazakhstan as the country can effectively solving the problems of interethnic relations.

Contribution of Assembly is worthily assessed at high level. General Secretary United Nations Organization, Kofi Annan said Kazakhstan is a model of interethnic concord, stable and sustainable development for other countries of the world. And also Ioannes Paulus PPII who visited Kazakhstan spoke highly of Kazakhstan people.

 

  1. nurotan.kz
  2. http://www.almaty.kz
  3. wikipedia.org
Year: 2015
City: Almaty