European vector of foreign policy of Kazakhstan: feautures and prospects of development

ABSTRACT. Cooperation with European countries is one of the vectors of foreign policy of Kazakhstan, which is a priority. The Message of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan in 2010 referred to "continue to improve our political system, backed by the success of his economic plans hence political modernization. And an important role to play here reforma legal. A good example not only for our country but also for many other countries is the development of democracy, rule of law in Europe, which is actually their homeland. To date, this topic is relevant for our country as Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the OSCE in 2010, and the desire to really be developed democracies.

The history of our relations with the EU noted the spirit of constructivism and cooperation, which are based on mutual respect and trust. President Nursultan Nazarbayev has always said that EU countries - the key partners of Kazakhstan. It is very important that all these years were marked by high interest of the parties in the development of dialogue and the positive dynamics of deepening cooperation on a wide range of issues. 

The priority areas of joint work under the partnership agreement and between Kazakhstan and cooperationthe EU remain mutual trade and access of Kazakh productsEuropean markets, energy, transport communications, medicine, ecology, science and education, innovative technologies, processes of democratization and human rights issues. Shows that today the EU firmly holds the position of our number one trading partner. In turn, Kazakhstan became the second largest after Russia, Europe united economic partner in the CIS.

On the basis of progressive developing political dialogue and regular contacts Summit. Successfully running a series of specially created bodies the interaction RK - the EU, including the Parliamentary Cooperation Committee.

Visible results always dialogue began systematic democratic reforms in the political system of Kazakh-mill and, most importantly, the recognition of the European Union. Currently the level of dialogue between Kazakhstan and the European Union rightly be called strategic, and relations between the Parliament of Kazakhstan and the European Parliament are consistent with the achieved level of overall cooperation. In particular, the great interest of the western colleagues caused activities Public Chamber under the Majilis. Also noted the special importance of the signaturescription of our country to the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture. European deputy also praised the role of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan in implementing the policy of ethnic and unique experience in the area of the Republic of interethnic and interfaith national consent. Representatives of the European Parliament commended processes ongoing in Kazakhstan. It is noted that the country has made a major breakthrough in the political and economic development. Deputies from the Old World highlight the leading role in advancing our country democracy in the region, which may well become a model for achieving progress in Central Asian countries and the former Soviet Union. European side and noted extremely important initiative of President Nazarbayev to develop special program "Path to Europe" in the context of the EU-Kazakhstan relations. State program "Path to Europe" called "a kind of" road map "of our presidency the OSCE." Its implementation will allow Kazakhstan to "establish broad cooperation with European countries to further promote democratic reforms and improve the quality of life, attract investment and advanced technologies, improving of the national legislation and modernizing the machinery of government in the European context".

This program is a kind of momentum that will show how we can move closer to the European Community. This is not just a one-sided way from Kazakhstan to Europe. It is known that in 2007, the EU adopted a new strategy "EU - Central Asia". And you can mark that Kazakhstan has played a big role in making the new EU Strategy for Central Asia for 2007-2013., Aimed at improving the European presence in the region through the promotion Central Asian in political and economic development of his country. Plans of Europe described in the new strategy, gained more distinct forms, and policies pursued by the EU in the region has become more consistent and specific.

From a political point of view, the presence of the EU in Central Asia can be described as "soft power metal" - "soft power politics." Today "soft Power" is the basis of de Democratic policies of developed countries. From the EU "soft power metal" is expressed in initiatives Development of democratization in Central Asia. This promotion of the principles of civil society and democratic processes. EU assistance in this area is focused on strengthening democracy, equality of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms. The EU also supports development of democratic institutions, education of civic culture, freedom of speech; legal reform, equal access to legal information, the protection of human rights; effectivemanagement and reform of the civil service, state-trained employees, the fight against corruption, the rule of law.

In recent years, Kazakhstan has implemented the following projects: "Education of culture of human rights", "Promotion of democratic processes" through the mediation of the European Union. Also, both sides intend to take the necessary measures to facilitate the visa regime between the EU and Kazakhstan, which will undoubtedly contribute to the development of political, business and cultural contacts. This will give a new impetus to bilateral relations at various levels. Today, thousands of our students study at leading European universities. A significant portion of them went learn through Presidential scholarship "Bolashak". Subsequently, these young people will another link, tightly linking us with the countries of Europe, carrying the European reformism, pragmatism and commitment to the democratic process, will provide positive influence on the development of social and political institutions, democratic converted in our country in the future. Representatives of the European Union noted by our positive steps in the implementation of democratic reforms following: the creation of the State co-mission to develop a program of democratic reforms and the ratification of international documents of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. In addition, the EU welcomes the initiative of Kazakhstan's WTO accession and entry into the top 50 countries in the world competitive ability.

Through this partnership has implemented various measures aimed at promotion democratic reforms in the country. One of the directions of this cooperation was the formation of work Kazakhstan legal state, characterized by the rule legislation, legal regulation of social and personal relationships, the presence of protected rights and freedoms of citizens. In the development of the human rights policy of the state plays an important role coordination interaction with the structures of the European countries, which have a wealth of experience in this field. I would especially like to allocate such innovations as the annual August readings on the initiative of the Commissioner for Human Rights, on the problems of protecting the rights and people citizen; National Plan of Action of the World Programme for Human Rights (2005-2015); the concept of civil society of Kazakhstan.

It should be noted that our state within the framework of the implementation of prisoners arrangements , whenever possible, is conducting a series of activities such as training, mutual consultations, conferences for various target groups, "round tables" with the participation of officials and expert meetings , seminars, etc., to improve the legal system of the state, based on the discussion that produce practical recommendations for the further development of the regulatory framework right, improvement of the institutional and legal framework, adequate development of civil society institutions, effective management system of civil service, etc., i.e. improvement of the Kazakh model using positive European experience.

It should be noted that the best practices in the field of political culture, traditions and legal sphere between Kazakhstan and the EU will certainly have an impact on Kazakhstan's ideology.Legal tradition and history of European democratic institutions, as a trend to be more durable, unlike the adoption of policies and programs. And this can be seen as a long-term Kazakhstan in cooperation with the EU.

Subject Kazakhstan's way to Europe is really important and relevant as it allows carefully consider the logic of development of the country through the prism of our consistent and translational integration into European structures, to assess progress and identify priorities. "Kazakhstan's way to Europe - is unprecedented, unparalleled in world history diplomatic program. We are talking about the gradual entry of major Eurasian states into the European cultural space. This strategic course completely matches long-term national interests of Kazakhstan ".



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Year: 2014
City: Almaty