The study of the elemental composition of agrimoniaasiatica

This article describes the elemental composition of Agrimoniaasiatica as determined by AAS. We found a high concentration of the macro element phosphorus (2506.75±501.35mg/kg), and the microelements aluminium (1654.25±595.53mg/kg), zinc (40.54±10.54mg/kg) and manganese (28.6±10.3mg/kg). Many other elements were found in lower concentrations (V, Cd, Pb, Sn, Be, Ni, Sr, Mo, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe).

Introduction. Data about the chemical composition of edible and medicinal plants is essential for the treatment of disorders related to nutrient deficiencies.More than 80 macro-and micro elements are found in plants. Medicinal plants have therapeutic properties and arenutritionally important because of their mineral content. Heavy metals can accumulate in the human body over a long period of time and may haveadverse effects on human health. It is therefore important to conduct quality control on medicinal plants in order to protect consumers from contamination [1].

We aimed to study the elemental composition of Agrimoniaasiaticato assess its nutritional composition and potential benefits for human consumption.

Materialsandmethods.Agrimoniaasiaticawas collected during its flowering period in the scrubs of Kaskasu.A.Asiatica was dried, ground (to 2-3 mm) and sieved. We prepared samples using dry and wet mineralization [2]. Theelemental composition of Agrimoniaasiaticawas studied using an atomic absorption spectrometer MGA-1000.

The mass fraction of each sample was calculated by the following formula (1):

0.001 • (CmeasuredCsingle ) • V ’ Q
m

Here:

X mass fraction of the element in the sample;

Cmeasured-mass concentration of element in sample mg/kg; Csingle-mass concentration of element in single sample, mg/kg; V volume of mineralized, ml;

Q-additional diluting of mineralized;

mmassof sample;

  1. 01 unit conversion factor of mass.

Measurement results in documentations are given by this formula (2):

Ax

5x • X

100

X ± Ax, mg/kg, P=0.95

Here:

X individual results of measurements, mg/kg; Ax accuracy factor of methodology.

Results and discussions. Table 1shows the macro-and micro element content of A.Asiatica.

The content of toxic elements in the extract from the aerial part of A.Asiatica does not exceed the maximum allowable concentrations.

Conclusion. Studies of the elemental composition of Agrimoniaasiatica show that it is a promising source of macro and microelements. A.Asiatica herb accumulates significant amounts of trace elements, such as: aluminum, zinc and manganese. In the A.Asiatica there are large amounts of the macro element phosphorus. The concentration of the toxic element of lead does not exceed the normwith Kazakhstan State Pharmacopoeia requirements on plant raw materials.

Table 1 The macro-and micro element content of A.Asiatica

Chemical element

Mass of mineral elements, (mg/kg)

MAC* (mg/kg)

Macro elements

 

Phosphorus

2506.75±501.35

-

Micro elements

 

Aluminum

1654.25±595.53

 

Zinc

40.54±10.54

 

Manganese

28.6±10.3

 

Strontium

21.18±6.35

 

Iron

7.74±2.01

 

Stannum

2.24±1.12

 

Copper

2.05±0.41

 

Nickel

1.930.48±0.48

 

Lead

1.47±0.001

32.0

Chromium

1.03±0.26

-

Vanadium

0.8±0.2

-

Cadmium

0.37±0.09

1.0

Cobalt

0.1±0.02

-

Beryllium

0.00475±0.00123

-

Stibium

Absent

-

Selenium

Absent

-

MAC* maximum allowable concentrations

 

REFERENCES

  1. Layza Sa Rocha, Daniel Araujo Goncalves, Daniela Granja Arakaki, Paula Fabiana Saldanha Tschinkel, Nayara Vieirade Lima, Lincoln Carlos Silvade Oliveira, Ritade Cassia Avellaneda Guimaraes, Valter Aragaodo Nascimento «Data on elemental composition of the medicinal plant Hymenaea Martiana Hayne // Jatoba. 2018. №19. Р. 959-964. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.05.142
  2. Methodology M 04-64-2010 “Food products and food raw materials. Feed, feed compound and raw materials for their production. Methods for measuring the mass fraction of cadmium, lead, arsenic, mercury, chromium by atomic absorption spectroscopy using an atomic absorption spectrometer with electrothermal atomization of modifications MGA-915, MGA-915M, MGA-915MD. SPb.: 2010. 267 р.
Year: 2018
City: Almaty
Category: Medicine