Becoming an independent state and development of new national identity in Kazakhstan caused an increase of interest for the past, the necessity to learn about historical processes that took place on a huge territory of our country

Development of the sovereign Republic of Kazakhstan, the developing new world outlooks in society demand from domestic social science of development of new conceptual decisions and approaches to an assessment of the past and the present, the critical analysis and reconsideration of scientific heritage in the field of historical knowledge.

In XXth Century the Muslim movement Turk and Muslim peoples against the colonialist yoke of imperial power had democratic character based on the national, cultural and political demands. It was the ideology of the movement of Turk and Islamic Defenders parties. The formation of the Muslim movement was caused by intolerable and colonizing burdens, poor sociopolitical situation of Turk and other Muslim nations under Rus­ sian colony. The colonial policy the imperial power aimed at Russification of all spheres of social life led to the crisis and stalemate life of Muslim na­ tions under the empire. This angered the Muslims and encouraged them to fight for independence. And also by assessing the connection between the Turkic consolidation and the current political situation, movements of di­ rection and ideas aimed at uniting the Turkic peoples are determined. The main purpose of this study is to analyze the activities of representatives of the national intelligentsia and the revival of national ideologies. The activity of representatives of the national intelligentsia in the early XX­th century in the formation of the national idea was considered in the article. 

The article is devoted to one of the most urgent problems of the history of Islam, namely the issue of the cult of saints in Islam. This problem still remains one of the gaps in the national historical science

As a society, how do we remember and forget the past, and in what form The Afghans historical and collective memory emerge and impact? Do these remembrance and forgetting change, and if so, what does this tell us about our collective consciousness, cultural identity?