International relations

The military­political aspect of cooperation between Kazakhstan and the U.S. is one of the important fields of interaction between the states. During the first years of independence the interests of the U.S. were around the Soviet nuclear weapons located on the Kazakhstani territory. Cooperation in the military­ political field develops also on the structural level through NATO. After the events of September 11 the US proclaimed a war against terrorism. The struggle against terrorism became one of the major challenges of the US foreign policy. Therefore due to its geopolitical and strategic location the role of Kazakhstan increased. In this article will be made an attempt to trace the dynamics of Kazakhstani­U.S. relations in the military­political direction. 
2014

Kazakhstan has been focusing on the energy diplomacy with China more than Russia or the Western nations. China has been successful in terms of their access to secure the energy security through economic relations without stimulating the U.S. or Russia for advancing to the Central Asian region
2014
Chinese Stealth Foreign Policy: Immigration

Migrationprocesses acquirea new shapein the context ofglobalization and sustainable development. The migration andsustainable developmentnexusis one of thedisputable issuesin contemporarya cademicmigration discourse. The key linkagesof these processesare seeninthe increasing role ofinternationalhuman rightsof migrants, the role ofremittancesfor the economy ofthe host countriesand thecontribution of migrantsto the development ofthe recipient countries. All these elementsarean important part ofdefining themigration andsustainable development nexus. Analysis of the key linkagesof migrationand sustainable developmentis the most promisingin view ofa positive visionin which themigrationin the context of globalizationare seenas contributing to thedevelopment,and not asa whole range ofthreats and challenges, both in host countriesand inthe countries of origin. The weakness of the nexusis seenas key gaps that needto be rethinkingand fill out.
2014

The article is aimed to give the complex information about processes in Northeast Asia and their influence on regional integration. Northeast Asia is one of the most complex, fragile regions in the global security landscape. Reaching the stability in the region through the interaction between main actors is one of the important goals on the way of becoming more essential in international stage. Many problems and difficulties in interstate relations exist and most of them are linked with historical past. There are few regional structures in developing stage, with different basis and background, that can also be evaluated as a reflection of peculiar situation in the region. However, these constructions are expected to be a good instrument in achieving integrity. Their current state therefore should necessarily be considered. 
2014

This article focuses on relationship between NATO and Kazakhstan. This article examines the Alliance’s partnership policy in Central Asia and aims to clarify to what extent NATO’s new partnership policy can affect its relations with these countries. This article reviews lessons learned after 20 years of cooperation between NATO and Kazakhstan within the PfP programme and discusses the role of NATO’s PfP program in shaping Central Asian security architecture.
2014

In this article, reviewed problems as precarization of employment, the reasons for the appearance of this phenomenon and its methods of regulation. A special place in solving the problems given to public­private part­ nership of vocational education with socio­economic institutions, which refers to a system of joint activities, providing training highly skilled work­ ers and mid­level professionals, competitive and mobile in labor market. The modernization of technical and vocational education in Kazakhstan is carried out under the State program of industrialization and the active involvement of business and employers in the training of new qualified personnel, considering needs of the labor market and international re­ quirements. 
2015
New quality of training of qualified personnel as a factor in the prevention of precarious employment in the Republic of Kazakhstan

The article discusses the integration processes in the Asia­Pacific re­gion. In the geopolitical plane, Asia­Pacific region is the one of the spac­ es of interests’ intersection of major power centers. This region acts as a springboard for the states on both sides of the ocean. Since the end of the last century, the grouping of region countries and the integration process gained a new turn. Asia­Pacific trade is important because it is huge, in­ novative and dynamically develops. Asia­Pacific region has the strategic importance for the world. The economies of countries called Asian «tigers» and «dragons», is developing rapidly and is at the leading position in the world on economic indicators. 
2015

Millennium Italian foreign policy orientation has undergone significant changes. If until recently the priority of Italian foreign policy was the Mediterranean region, in the new millennium, there was a shift in emphasis – the integration and interaction of Italy with the EU institutions has been central to the foreign policy of Italy. Mediterranean foreign policy orientation has led to self-elimination of Italy from important European issues to deliberate marginalization of countries in Europe. Italy is one of the regular participants in the political activities of the European Union. In this article is described the interaction of Italy with the EU, particularly such issues as the Italian presidency in the EU in 2003 and the relations between EU and Italy from the beginning. Furthermore, were marked the achievements of Italy during the presidency in 2014, for six month.
2015

The purpose of the article is to describe the main particularities of the legal regulation of social networks in the Republic of Kazakhstan and to highlight the most often legal problems. The authors underline the signifi­ cant role of social networks in the formation of the users’ ideology and priorities. The legal regulation of social networks in the Republic of Ka­ zakhstan does not correspond to the sufficient level of seriousness, leading to repeated violations of law by using this type of resource. Thus, the main objective today is to create an adequate legal act, devoted to the regula­ tion of the activities in social networks. 
2015

Energy policy is seen as a factor in sustainable community develop­ ment in this article. The EU and Central Asia share a paramount interest in enhancing Energy Security as an important aspect of global security. There is a common interest in diversifying export routes, demand and supply structures, energy sources. The 2004 Baku Initiative’s description and its role in a multilateral policy dialogue is also highlighted in the article. It is paid attention to the legal side of the issue and to the main legal docu­ ments: «Memorandum of Understanding on a Strategic Energy Partnership» signed between the European Commission and Turkmen government; «The EU Energy Policy: Engaging with Partners beyond Our Borders». The policy document, which called Europe 2020 aims to provide a framework for a «strong and ambitious» energy policy. 
2015

The maximum success in modernization of the higher educational system in PK can be achieved in case all program directions of the Government placed into educational policy take all the best possible from positive potential of the US higher educational system in main directions: qualitative selection of school-leavers, qualitative teaching staff, high level of organizing of teaching process, finance provision, development of the infrastructure of the university. 
2015

The practice of constitutional legislation of different countries shows that for comprehensive and effective regulation of legal interactions in state and society the constitution itself is not enough. In countries such as, for example, Azerbaijan, Spain, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Russia, France, Czech Republic, as well as Kazakhstan, there is a particular type of normative legal acts – constitutional laws, which act together with the national Constitution and develop its provisions. In this regard, the article describes the concept and characteristics of the constitutional laws, discusses their views and legal features. It determines the legal nature of the role, place and significance of the constitutional laws in the system of constitutional law sources of foreign countries. A comparative legal research of the procedure of adoption of constitutional laws in foreign countries is conducted and the historical and contemporary conditions for the adoption of the constitutional laws in the constitutional practice of these countries is being studied. 
2015