In the article the essence of concept «national idea» is comprehended. The main aspects of this problem’s reseaching in modern literary studies are revealed. The factors, which are influencing on formation and evolu­ tion of national idea, are considered. On the basis of the analysis of Kazakh literature’s works of XVIII­XIX centuries its role and value are defined in artistic work. It is established, that the national idea embodies aesthetic, ethical ideals and values of writers. It assists disclosing of the author’s con­ cept of life, deeper comprehension of heroes’ psychology, their attitudes to the reality. The national idea penetrates a content, poetics of artistic works. It causes a genre originality of the literature. Spirituality, patriotism, morals are its major components. The national idea is embodied in Kazakh literature of XVIII­XIX centuries at a level of a content, a plot, system of images. In the center of attention of folklore, akyns and zhyrau’s works there are social phenomena, historical events, inner world of the persons, comprehended in a context of a society’s development.

The investigator’s scientific­theoretical views on the collection of stories «The Moons of Jupiter» including the literary heritage of Canadian Nobel Prize laureate, Alice Munro are discussed in this article. The obvi­ ous and secret psychologisms were researched in the original texts of the writer’s some stories. The author of the article theoretically sustains the problems touched upon in the Canadian writer’s stories, expresses her at­ titude towards the critics’ opinions who investigated psychologisms on the scientific­theoretical level, presents the extracts from the stories. Alice Munro describes the characters’ lives with its sharp turning and progress and slopes caused the moral crises. Each page of author’s short stories may be considered the slide of real life.
Interpretation of a basic concept in a literary text

The problems of interpretation of the term ‘concept’, language representation and methods of its analysis, difficulties connected with the study of its correlation with national mentality and culture

This article proves Jack London’s novel Martin Eden belongs to eco­ socialistic novels. Firstly it has political view which is not capitalistic, nei­ ther socialistic, something in between, which totally identify Eco–social­ism. One of the main concepts of this theory also is humanism. And as we all are very familiar, there are bright signs of it. And the last, but not the least, is harmony between human and nature, which is also Eco–socialist direction. All of these analyses are shown in this article.