Статьи, год 2012

Mesothelioma is a rare neoplasm of serosal surfaces (such as pleura, peritoneum, pericardium and others) [1]. The most common form of these neoplasms is malignant pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal and pericardium mesotheliomas occur tenfold rarer, and mesotheliomas of other localizations are the most uncommon. The median latency of the disease is 32 years but it may range from 5 to 70 years.
2012
Impact of occupational activity on development risk of malignant mesothelioma

The article presents results of studies of chrysotile asbestos and health conducted by the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (RAMS) Institute of Occupational Health, a brief review of foreign studies, the list of protective measures in the use of asbestos and other fibrous materials ensuring their controlled use.
2012

Discovering carcinogenic properties of asbestos in cancer epidemiology and experimental studies resulted in a tough struggle between opponents and supporters of its continued industrial use. In some cases this struggle (and opposition in the first place) gets farther away from the reality and scientific facts and often acquires a commercial and political format.
2012
On decreasing the carcinogenic activity of calcified chrysotile fibers

Actuality. To date, assessment of the effects of the mutagen-induced production factors and the effects of environmental factors is carried out by detecting chromosomal damage by analysis of chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges in peripheral blood lymphocytes. To evaluate the mutational event is necessary to use method of accounting for chromosomal aberrations, which is a highly sensitive methods of biological indication of human exposure to mutagens and production of environmental factors. In the molecules of DNA genetic information is encoded, mutagenic, acting on the cell, leading to breaks and rearrangements of chromosome structure [1]. In the formation of chromosomal aberrations important stage of the mitotic cell cycle, which occurred at the time of the impact of the mutagen.
2012
Identification of induced mutagenesis by method of accounting of chromosomal aberrations at the workers of chrysotile asbestos production

The article presented the state of production and use of asbestos in Kazakhstan and the EECCA region. Discussion on potential health risks of asbestos production and use, including NGO recommendation for action. According the WECF \EcoForum partnership project «Civil Society and Sound Hazardous Waste Management in Kazakhstan» and High-Level Conference «Asbestos and POPs — policies and practices in Kazakhstan and the European Union» was identify next steps and recommendations to develop a strategy on asbestos in Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan’s position regarding Rotterdam Convention. 
2012
Civil society and questions about supervised, responsible use of chrysotile asbestos in Kazakhstan

One of the most relevant, important and controversial problems of public life, politics and morality is abortion. The abortion and leading position in the structure of reproductive losses and the health of women of childbearing age is medico-social and contested issue in nowadays. Abortion as a whole remains the traditional method of regulation of reproductive behavior. Artificial abruption of life is a fundamental problem of human being, increasing interest in the article. This paper examines the effects that significantly impairs the reproductive system and serious complications for women's reproductive function after abortion, including maternal mortality. Showing prevention and solutions.
2012

Eine zweite Sprache oder noch weitere Sprachen gebrauchen zu können, ist für viele Menschen eine Selbstverständlichkeit. Ungerechtfertigterweise wird mit dem Begriff «Spracherwerb» gemeinhin vor allem der Erstspracherwerb assoziiert, als handele es sich beim Zweitspracherwerb um eine in einer bestimmten Hinsicht sekundäre Manifestation der menschlichen Sprachfähigkeit [1]. Ein nicht gleichbedeutender, aber dazu passender Irrtum besteht darin, den Erwerb einer zweiten Sprache von vornherein als immanent problematischen, im Vergleich zum Erstspracherwerb weitaus mühevolleren Lernprozess zu betrachten, dessen Ausgang geradezu zwangsläufig in einer defizitären zielsprachlichen Kompetenz bestehen müsse. Die für Deutschland im internationalen Vergleich so niederschmetternden Ergebnisse der PISA [2] und IGLU-Studie [3], die gerade auch mehrsprachigen Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund beunruhigend schlechte Leistungen bescheinigen und dies zu einem großen Teil auf sprachliche Defizite zurückführen, haben zusätzlich dazu beigetragen, diese weit verbreitete zurückhaltende Einstellung zum Zweitspracherwerb zu zementieren. Dass die unzureichende Beherrschung der Zweitsprache Deutsch die dokumentierten schulischen Misserfolge [4] wesentlich bedingt, soll natürlich nicht bestritten werden, ebenso wenig die Tatsache, dass viele Migrantenkinder zum Zeitpunkt der Einschulung nicht in der Lage sind, dem deutschsprachigen Regelunterricht zu folgen. Das haben Sprachstandserhebungen u. a. in Berlin, Essen und Niedersachsen [5, 6] Senatsverwaltung für Bildung, Jugend und Sport deutlich gemacht. Zu behaupten, Kinder lernten eine sie in ihrer Lebensweltumgebende zweite Sprache automatisch und immer mühelos, hieße, die Augen vor der Realität zu verschließen [7].
2012

The given article explores the changes in the educational system of the Republic of Kazakhstan, which require usage of new informational technologies at lessons of foreign languages. Innovations in the education are necessary conditions of its development in accordance with changing requirements of the society. It was made an attempt to reveal essence of introduction of pupils’ video presentations and to prove importance of its’ usage at lessons of foreign languages.
2012
The using of problem — solving teaching approach during foreign language lessons based on the creation of pupils’ video presentations

The article is devoted to the issue of creative thinking in foreign language teaching. Considered the issue if interaction of creative and critical thinking. Discussed some methods of formation of creative thinking, suggested by psychologists and methodologists and also presented examples of using these methods in teaching foreign languages.
2012
Creative thinking in teaching foreign languages