Статьи, год 2014

L’enjeu de ce travaıl sera donc d’analyser si le développement des ONG est totalement contrôlé par le gouvernement du Kazakhstan ou si nous pouvons déterminer ce processus (de la transition démocratique) comme un progrès de la société civile démocratique. Le contexte du travail nous exige une définition du terme «la société civile» qui est un composant de base pour un bon éclaircissement de la problématique. Car ce terme a été présenté dans plusieurs courants des sciences sociales, politiques et juridiques, il nous semble plus utile de limiter le domaine de la recherche. Donc, de ce moment-là, nous parlons de la société civile comme «un composant-clé de l’espace publique entre l’Etat et la famille incarnée dans les organisations volontaires» (Howard M. M., 2003) [3]. Les ONG représentent donc un vrai degré de démocratisation. Ils ont une grande influence au cours du processus de libération de l’économie en promouvant la supériorité de loi et l’égalité sociale.
2014

This article analyzes the problem of ethno cultural identity in phenomenon of diaspora. The diaspora in this regard plays an important role, as ethnic group which united by diaspora, it is capable to consolidation of ethnos and preservation of the ethnic identity. More important is the question of the preservation of ethnic identity in the different environment. The article deals with the basic directions for the interpretation of the nature of ethnicity. Analyzing the studies in this area, we came to the conclusion that the key role in the formation of diasporas is a diaspora identity. Under a diaspora identity means a multiple identity, which stems from the structure and dynamism, and also reflect regional characteristics.
2014

The article analyzes the trends of the ecology movement in Kazakhstan as a manifestation of group interests. The author gives a brief history of the origin and development of this movement and its peculiarities as a new participant of political life. Special emphasis is focused on the consideration of possible strategies in the de- velopment of the ecology movement in the long-term prospects.
2014

In article such phenomenon as mediation is considered actual today. Mediation is one of optimum ways of the solution of a conflict situation. Mediation is a well-structured process of group interaction between two or more people, in which one of the participants facilitates communication between two (or more) other people who are found in an emotional confrontation with each other and fail to make rational thoughtful conversations themselves. In this article social and psychological aspect of this phenomenon is considered, namely the interrelation with psychological training is traced. Also in this article is considered: the mediation purpose, factors of success of the solution of a conflict situation, a mediation stage, advantage of mediation, etc. In permission of a conflict situation the mediator is of great importance, the role of a mediator and quality which it has to possess here is described.
2014

The article investigates the existing knowledge of Islamic fundamentalism. A literature review on the phenomena of Islamic fundamentalism includes the debate over the term and three main theoretical frameworks (Middle Eastern and Islamic studies, conflict analysis and resolution, social movement theory) and problem areas within these concepts. 
2014

The process of Islamization of the former Soviet Union affect the scope of gender relations. How to change family relationships, what are the main priorities of family life these issues were the subject of our study. As a theoretical basis we examined the historical policy of gender relations. Based on this analysis, we assume that gender differences reflect the views of the sacred. We have the ability to trace the mechanism of the effect of gender on the vector of social development.
2014
Drumming, Imitating and Rattling; The «Old Ways» of a Sakha «shaman» of Siberia in Costume and Drum

This essay explores the ‘old ways’ in which the costume and drum were used by a Siberian Sakha  ojun (Sakha shaman), as described by the algus (ritual leader), and draws on the method of visual imagery with photo images. However, in post-Soviet lives, the ‘old ways’ of shamanism have been consigned to ethnography museums comprised of ethnographic materials of drums, costumes and photographs. If ‘shamanizing’ was known, few elders knew of the ojun ways, and if so, it was known with disconnected fragments of memories. Thus, it is not surprising an existence of ojun could not be proven or demonstrated to be genuine and true. In post-Soviet or post-socialism, people of the Far North are still finding their way through the changes and paradoxes in a newer political terrain of a post-shamanistic world.
2014