This article discusses the specifics of mental development in early adolescence. Chronological limits of this period is marked. The basic methodological approaches to understanding development in early adolescence are represented. The basic problems of development at this age are formulated. Emphasis is placed on the role of the social situation of development and the leading activity to the development of personality. From this perspective, the specifics of social situation of development is described, the problem of the leading activity in early adolescence is posed. The peculiarities of cognitive sphere, personal new formations in early youth are analyzed. Specific types of personal development during early adolescence are given.
Actual and important problem of specialists-psychologists training is purposeful and systematic formation of their professional features of mental activity. Today the problem of purposeful formation of professional thinking of psychologists isn't formulated as one of priority in high school preparation. In this article the problem of psychological science in theoretical and practical aspects of formation studentspsychologists' professional thinking which considerably define success of their activity in the future is considered. Actually it is links of one chain, between them there is an internal connection which can't be understood, considering these manifestations separately, alone. Thus, an actual and important problem of training of specialistspsychologists is a purposeful and systematic formation of their professional features of mental activity.
The given article examines the role of cognitive styles of students in the process of their educational-learning activities. The urgency of researches in this direction is proved. Understanding of cognitive style in foreign and Russian psychology is presented. The general characteristic of cognitive styles such as «Field dependence- field independence», «Impulsiveness-reflexivity», «Tolerance-intolerance to unreal experience» is given. It outlined the main approaches to the study of cognitive styles — analytical, integrative and structured. The role of each style in the process of educational-learning activity of students is shown. In this research the correlation of the given cognitive styles is revealed.
The article considers the psychological peculiarities of children in orphanages in science and practice. Defines the essence of the phenomenon of «we» in the orphanage. Presents special psychological problems of children conventional residential institutions and their differences between the pupils of children's homes of family type. A significant place is given to the consideration of the structure of the model orphanage of family type. On the basis of socio-pedagogical activity are identified in general terms, the tasks of the children's homes of family type. Examine the main branches of the correctional-educational work with children and the implementation of the principle of family education.
The article deals with the problems of religious extremism. Key concepts: ‘religious extremist’, ‘religious extremism’, ‘belief’ and attitude of the people under test to these concepts. The research has been carried out to study the attitude of the youth to these concepts. The research results show that there is no difference in attitude to religious extremism between young believers and atheists.
This scientific article is devoted to the problem of the psychological aspects of such an important social problem as extremism.Extremism — is a complex phenomenon, despite the fact that its complexity is often difficult to see and understand. Today, all of us know about the nature and the reasons of extremism few. In this article the main theoretical approaches to definition of concept of extremism are considered. One of forms of manifestation of extremism is the terrorism. In article psychological aspects of terrorist activity, psychological factors the mechanisms inducing to membership in the extremist organization, specific features and psychological inclined to extremist activity are considered.