International relations

International relations

In this article, reviewed problems as precarization of employment, the reasons for the appearance of this phenomenon and its methods of regulation. A special place in solving the problems given to public­private part­ nership of vocational education with socio­economic institutions, which refers to a system of joint activities, providing training highly skilled work­ ers and mid­level professionals, competitive and mobile in labor market. The modernization of technical and vocational education in Kazakhstan is carried out under the State program of industrialization and the active involvement of business and employers in the training of new qualified personnel, considering needs of the labor market and international re­ quirements. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

The article discusses the integration processes in the Asia­Pacific re­gion. In the geopolitical plane, Asia­Pacific region is the one of the spac­ es of interests’ intersection of major power centers. This region acts as a springboard for the states on both sides of the ocean. Since the end of the last century, the grouping of region countries and the integration process gained a new turn. Asia­Pacific trade is important because it is huge, in­ novative and dynamically develops. Asia­Pacific region has the strategic importance for the world. The economies of countries called Asian «tigers» and «dragons», is developing rapidly and is at the leading position in the world on economic indicators. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

Millennium Italian foreign policy orientation has undergone significant changes. If until recently the priority of Italian foreign policy was the Mediterranean region, in the new millennium, there was a shift in emphasis – the integration and interaction of Italy with the EU institutions has been central to the foreign policy of Italy. Mediterranean foreign policy orientation has led to self-elimination of Italy from important European issues to deliberate marginalization of countries in Europe.

Italy is one of the regular participants in the political activities of the European Union. In this article is described the interaction of Italy with the EU, particularly such issues as the Italian presidency in the EU in 2003 and the relations between EU and Italy from the beginning. Furthermore, were marked the achievements of Italy during the presidency in 2014, for six month.

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

The purpose of the article is to describe the main particularities of the legal regulation of social networks in the Republic of Kazakhstan and to highlight the most often legal problems. The authors underline the signifi­ cant role of social networks in the formation of the users’ ideology and priorities. The legal regulation of social networks in the Republic of Ka­ zakhstan does not correspond to the sufficient level of seriousness, leading to repeated violations of law by using this type of resource. Thus, the main objective today is to create an adequate legal act, devoted to the regula­ tion of the activities in social networks. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

Energy policy is seen as a factor in sustainable community develop­ ment in this article. The EU and Central Asia share a paramount interest in enhancing Energy Security as an important aspect of global security. There is a common interest in diversifying export routes, demand and supply structures, energy sources. The 2004 Baku Initiative’s description and its role in a multilateral policy dialogue is also highlighted in the article. It is paid attention to the legal side of the issue and to the main legal docu­ ments: «Memorandum of Understanding on a Strategic Energy Partnership» signed between the European Commission and Turkmen government; «The EU Energy Policy: Engaging with Partners beyond Our Borders». The policy document, which called Europe 2020 aims to provide a framework for a «strong and ambitious» energy policy. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

The maximum success in modernization of the higher educational system in PK can be achieved in case all program directions of the Government placed into educational policy take all the best possible from positive potential of the US higher educational system in main directions: qualitative selection of school-leavers, qualitative teaching staff, high level of organizing of teaching process, finance provision, development of the infrastructure of the university. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

The practice of constitutional legislation of different countries shows that for comprehensive and effective regulation of legal interactions in state and society the constitution itself is not enough. In countries such as, for example, Azerbaijan, Spain, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Russia, France, Czech Republic, as well as Kazakhstan, there is a particular type of normative legal acts – constitutional laws, which act together with the national Constitution and develop its provisions. In this regard, the article describes the concept and characteristics of the constitutional laws, discusses their views and legal features. It determines the legal nature of the role, place and significance of the constitutional laws in the system of constitutional law sources of foreign countries. A comparative legal research of the procedure of adoption of constitutional laws in foreign countries is conducted and the historical and contemporary conditions for the adoption of the constitutional laws in the constitutional practice of these countries is being studied. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

The prerequisites for sustainable development of tourism is also a perception that tourism is today – it’s more than just a trip;  it  became urgent needs of humanity as capable of resolving one of the global needs of our time – the problem of effective time management, opening up the possibility of parallel, and at the same time to effectively implement the two functions – social (recreational, spiritual and humanitarian) and professional business (agreements, meetings , the strategic objectives of the company, etc.). Actually, this explains the increase in the share of business tourism in the total volume of tourist services (according to the World Tourism Organization, the growth over the past five years was almost twice).

Therefore, studies on the issues of business tourism as one of the most promising areas of international tourism, is important, relevant and timely demanded  at  the  national level.

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

The purpose of this article is to examine the definitions in US policy, which is one of the key players in the «Great Game» in Central Asia. The article deals with the basic theory and practical aspects of the «Great Game.» A key component in the creation of the «Great Game» was the competition for Central Asia, as well as in the article data between any countries conducted this rivalry. The authors analyzes the new position, the current agenda of the United States in the «Great Game» and a number of reasons for such a high interest in Central Asia. If you look at history, it is revealed that the US policy in Central Asia have gone through several phases, which have their own characteristics. These in turn affect a number of objective and subjective factors. Estimations and comment on the Role and opinions of the United States in the «New Silk Road» which is carried out on a global level. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

Under the conditions of the current energy crisis, which has already seized all the world, there is much tension around the issue of universal transition to a new level of energy efficiency policy. This policy is of high concern of energy-rich Kazakhstan as it touches on several important and interrelated aspects. The first point is a conscious political decision at the national level, e.g. the way how the state responds to the problem as a whole: whether it carries or delays the adoption of the relevant documents on the basis of the current energy situation and/or on the basis of regional and/or global treaty obligations. In the case when the state is committed to energy-saving philosophy the problem lies beneath the ability to use the least amount of energy while maintaining or increasing the level of consumption. The practice of adaptation of the new energy policy theoretical approaches in Japan is highly attractive as a possible background to the energy policy of Kazakhstan. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

The United States and Mexico are more than neighbors sharing a common border. The United States and Mexico are economic partners, often political allies, and sometimes competitors for talent, capital, and technologies. Economic interconnection and the density of cross-border interaction have shaped mutual relations for a long time. This paper considers the following issues: assessing Obama’s Latin America Policy, U.S.-Mexico relationship in the Obama Administration; and, potential areas of collaboration between the United States and Mexico. The goal of this paper is to examine the recent development of bilateral US-Mexican cooperation and identify major areas but also limits of interaction. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

This article analyzes the works of Western researchers on Central Asia between 2010 and 2013. We consider the point of view of various authors that focus not only on issues of geopolitics, security and international position of Central Asia, but are dedicated to the internal problems of individual countries in the region, their political and socio-economic development. By the end of the 2000s the impression that foreign interest in the Central Asian region has exhausted itself, that everything has already been written. It seems that the West has lost the geopolitical interest in Central Asia, which is supported by the presence of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. And all the changing dramatically: on the one hand, the West is scared Russia’s desire to speed up the creation of the Eurasian Union; on the other – strengthening of China in Central Asia is also not satisfied with the Western strategists. It also may include factors of Iran, India and Afghanistan, again, to understand that the geopolitical struggle over Central Asia does not disappear, but is entering a new phase. These findings come after analyzing the works of the authors underwritten Western researchers.

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

Beginning of 2014 is marked by the fact that the US and the EU imposed sanctions against Russia after the annexation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation. Taking into account the fact that the sanctions entail serious consequences for their economies, it was decided to introduce restrictive measures step by step depending on the change of Russian behavior. The first step of sanctions is characterized by visa bans and the freezing of assets in the United States. The second phase consists of two stages, where the restrictive measures concerned visa issues and the cessation of new investment. In the third stage, the US imposed trade restrictions, as well as financial sanctions, the energy sector, the defense sector were included to the sanctions, Russia also expects a limited market access of US debt. In the article, the authors analyzed the impact of sanctions on the economies of European countries, examined the effectiveness and potential impact of sanctions and the views of leading American and European experts opponents were presented. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

This article is about the educational policy of the President of the RK, namely about teaching and studying foreign languages. Why is it neces­ sary to know for Kazakhstani people foreign languages? What must be done to develop the idea of our president i? The output of Kazakhstan onto international arena tells about the great need of possessing foreign languages. The current linguistic situation in Kazakhstan allows us to talk about the unity of three languages as about significant factor of strengthen­ ing of social harmony. The diversity of cultures and languages, its equal coexistence is the freehold property of our Nation. The main purpose of Kazakhstani education is to create required conditions for developing and professional formation of personality on the basis of national and common to all mankind values keeping the native language and culture, traditions and customs. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN

This article dwells upon some objective reasons why the state lan­ guage policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan was and is still moderate. What should be done on the part of the government, individuals, language cen­ ters for the development and advancement of the Kazakh language? What kind of responses should be from the other ethnicities to the initiatives on the formulation of the language policy, in particular, the state language policy? There are a variety of view­points on this issue. Once Henry Ford said: «Coming together is a beginning, staying together is progress and working together is success». That’s why if we want to be successful in the formation of the state language policy and effectively to implement it, we should work together and learn the Kazakh language and recognize it as a state language. 

Magazine: KazNU BULLETIN
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