This presentation proposes to shed light on menakibname texts that reached to Anatolia via Turkistan and Horasan. These texts narrate the studentship, mentors, journeys, doctrines, the other sheiks and students that create his life, individual and social relationships, and lastly psychological developments of the characters that are centred.
Presentation asserts that menakib texts have a unique language and semantic world that should be explained. To fulfil this, the presentation also offers to read the menakib texts by always considering the communities that engage in these texts.
Because menakibnames, which are read and narrated among communities, have been transferred to proses in time, some of their oral text features have become less visible. Eventually, Bektashi menakibnames have not received necessary interest and these couldn’t be presented to scientific world to be benefited.
The first socio-political thinker among the Arabic philosophers, Al-Far- abi expanded the boundaries of speculation prior to the consideration of human nature, the meaning of his life, his place in the universe, its role in society, the nature of the state association, expressing their dissatisfaction with the Islamic concept of man. In the era of universal domination of the religious worldview approach of blind faith led to the interpretation of the person is fundamentally different from the officially accepted. In contrast to the Islamic concept of a man as a creature among creatures and servant of God, Al-Farabi considered a man in several aspects of his life: as a physi- cal being, as a living being, as the highest natural mixture, as a rational animal, as a civil creature.
The article is devoted to the founder of the psychoanalytic concept of religion S.Freud, who has made a significant contribution to religious stud ies and psychology of religion to its original approach in the interpretation of the nature and essence of religion. He tried to explain the psychoana lytic point of view of religious beliefs, rituals and justify the role of religion in the development of human culture and human life. The psychoanalytic concept of religion S. Freud is based on two principles: 1) religion is a collective neurosis; 2) religion is produced by means of collective defense against neurosis. According to S. Freud, the general basis for generating and religion, and culture and neurosis is, in general, the social nature of man. Religion, according to S. Freud, performs a protective function, dis ease, the negative impact of these factors, it would be much appreciable if not for religion in society.
The article is devoted to one of the brightest representatives of the psychoanalytic concept of religion С.G. Jung and E. Fromm. С.G. Jung paid great attention to the archetypes, in his opinion, it is an archetypal content of the psyche is the basis of religion. Archetypes express deeper and more intimate side of the human soul and are a kind of determiner man’s inner life. According to С.G.