The generalization of the personal experience of students in the development of a project to study the determinants of health and the impact of preventive measures in relation to the health of students-foreigners in KSMU at the departments of physiology; social medicine and organization of health care. Formation of a healthy way of life is a determining factor in the upbringing of the students of KSMU. In order to study the health status of students from India and Pakistan, a survey was conducted among the students of the first--the fifth year of medical faculty of KSMU. Students assessed the state of their health as excellent (38 %), average (57 %), poor (5%). For improvement of health status of students take a balanced diet (67 %), sports (33%).
An estimate of the risk of respiratory pathology depends on experience exposure. With the increase of length of service in the «dusty» occupations mucosal defenses are gradually depleted, that confirmed by cytochemical and functional studies. Determination of the critical work experience in hazardous conditions can produce, according to some authors, to some extent alleviate prenosological diagnosis of occupational or professional work-related diseases [1, 2].
Industrial dust in the conditions of modern production influences on the respiratory tract and mostly on the upper respiratory ways. Taking into account that between the nasal mucosa, pharynx, larynx and bronchi exist close morphofunctional connection, we can assume the presence of a common pathogenesis of professional diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Numerous authors note that industrial dust causing a breach of mucociliary clearance, which in its turn contributes to the penetration of dust into the respiratory system deep laying parts and leads to the development of professional pathology of the respirato- ry system (sub-and atrophic rhinitis, the dust bronchitis, pneumoconiosis and asthma).
The main source of asbestos in environmental air are, apparently, construction materials, and also those industrial sectors where professional contact to dust which contains asbestos is possible. It’s, first of all, industries which product production and enrichment of asbestos, asbestos-containing materials (enterprises of asbestos and cement, asbestos technical and asbestos fiber materials). The main consumer of asbestos today is production of asbestos and cement products (wavy and flat plates, pipes, etc.) which are widely used in industrial and civil construction [1–3].
The main consumers of chrysotile in Ukraine are asbestos cement and asbestos technical enterprises. It should be noted that Ukraine neither mines nor mills asbestos. Asbestos-consuming industries import the raw from the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan. The annual volume of import is 85–100 thousand tons. It is important to stress that Ukraine uses only chrysotile that belongs to the serpentine group of asbestos and has physico-chemical properties and, respectively, biological effects quite different from those of amphiboles (crocidolite, anthophillite, amosite) that were widely used in many countries during a long time in the past [1, 2].
The issue of asbestos use is a critical world problem [1–3]. It has been long debated and being primarily a medical problem it has also acquired an economic and political nature. The presence of a certain risk of asbestosis, a specific fibrosis of lung tissue, and of a blastomogenic process (bronchial carcinoma, pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma) in workers occupationally exposed to asbestos raises no doubt [4–8]. However the body of evidence showing that asbestosis and specifically lung cancer are related to the uncontrolled use of amphibole asbestos has been increasing recently [9, 10]. Thus, the ban of this type of asbestos is perfectly substantiated today [11, 12]. As for chrysotile asbestos accounting for almost 95 % of all asbestos mined in the world, there appear more and more convincing data in the world literature proving that this type of asbestos is low aggressive and can be safer for human health than its substitutes, the number of which exceeds 20, in case of its controlled use [13, 14]. At least at the moment there exist no epidemiologic studies giving evidence of a higher health risk of chrysotile compared to its substitutes.
The Directive of the European Union 1999/77/EU on the global asbestos ban is based on results of oc- cupational studies and the assessment of risk of asbestos-related respiratory diseases (such as lung cancer, malignant pleural mesothelioma, etc.) in workers since such diseases develop only after 20–40 years from a long-term exposure to high concentrations of asbestos-containing aerosols. At the same time, the results of assessing risks of developing a respiratory malignancy from environmental exposures to low concentrations of chrysotile dust still remain the subject of debate.
The problem of asbestos-related lung diseases remains urgent although many foreign and domestic studies, including hygienic, epidemiologic, and clinical X-ray studies, have been devoted to this issue.
Asbestos is a common name of six natural fibrous minerals used in industrial products. There are two groups of these minerals: serpentine (chrysotile) and amphibole (crocidolite, amosite, anthophillite, tremolite, and actinolite).
Mesothelioma is a rare neoplasm of serosal surfaces (such as pleura, peritoneum, pericardium and others) . The most common form of these neoplasms is malignant pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal and pericardium mesotheliomas occur tenfold rarer, and mesotheliomas of other localizations are the most uncommon. The median latency of the disease is 32 years but it may range from 5 to 70 years.
The article presents results of studies of chrysotile asbestos and health conducted by the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (RAMS) Institute of Occupational Health, a brief review of foreign studies, the list of protective measures in the use of asbestos and other fibrous materials ensuring their controlled use.
One of the most relevant, important and controversial problems of public life, politics and morality is abortion. The abortion and leading position in the structure of reproductive losses and the health of women of childbearing age is medico-social and contested issue in nowadays. Abortion as a whole remains the traditional method of regulation of reproductive behavior. Artificial abruption of life is a fundamental problem of human being, increasing interest in the article. This paper examines the effects that significantly impairs the reproductive system and serious complications for women's reproductive function after abortion, including maternal mortality. Showing prevention and solutions.
In this article the main feature of action on people of carcinogenic agents is considered. This agents consist in large number of sources of their entry in environment and an organism of people, and complex combination of various factors. It creates certain difficulties on the track of a solution to the problem. The heavy metals is played a significant part of environmental pollution. The understanding of processes of migration and transition of elements from one environment in another has great practical value for studying of mechanisms and ways of impact on a human body and estimation of level of toxicity of chemical elements.
In this article, we will introduce and discuss new options by using personal decision support and e-health services in diabetes management. Usage of the KADIS® system for personal decision support provides opportunities to identify improved therapy options in accordance with the guidelines of the professional societies. This enables the best treatment modality for the individual patient to be determined in a very short time and, individual circumstances of the patient as well as the practical feasibility of treatment recommendations are taken into account. Furthermore, the telemedicine platform TeleDIAB® together with the embedded KADIS® simulation are suitable to make knowledge and experience globally available to treat diabetes.
Authors showed that concentration around capillaries wall of complex Zn+2-chelator formed in result of interaction in cytoplasm of B-cells of Zn+2-ions with diabetogenic zincbinding chelators is one of causes of developed vascular changes in capillaries of pancreatic islets. These changes as alteration of basal membrane of capillaries, edema of endothelium, partial destruction of capillaries wall and hyperemia can to aggravate developing of degenerative changes in pancreatic islets induced by Zn+2-chelator that result aggravation developing of diabetes. Meanwhile main cause of developing of diabetes induced by zincbinding chelators is its ability to form toxic complexes with Zn+2-ions in B-cells that result necrosis and destruction of B-cells within short time.