Статьи, город Karaganda

The article investigates the epistemological and institutional framework of the investigative and operational investigative group.The authors formulated the definition of inquiry and investigation group which reflects the inherent characteristics and explain the substance. Investigative team considered as the organizational form of interaction between participants, criminal prosecution authority services, efficiency of activity which affect the success of the investigation of crimes.

The article gives a criminal and legal characteristic of the forced and/or unlawful removal of human organs or tissue for transplants, which is criminalized under article 116 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Ka- zakhstan dated 3 July 2014. The valuable comments and suggestions provided by the experts and the official national crime statistics were compiled. This offense refers to the formal composition in the current amend- ment. This is not entirely appropriate, because the harm is done to the victim's health. In order to address this gap in article 116, Part 2, of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan should be provided socially dangerous consequences, in the form of causing serious injury to health.

The scientific article is devoted to the problems of pre-revolutionary Kazakhstan related to the Stolypin agrarian reforms of the early twentieth century. The article describes the attitude of different social movements and political parties of Russia to Kazakhstan land issues, which were raised in the State Duma. The article shows the real intentions of the king's government, which to preserve landlordism, used by the resettlement of indigenous lands. The paper disclosed that the government has a special place in Kazakhstan in their agrarian program, which is closely intertwined with the imperial colonial policy. 

In the article attention is paid to the country in which the fight against corruption has gained a national scale and has been going on 18 years since the introduction of this problem in the legal field. The history of the Republic of Kazakhstan in combating corruption. Attention is given to articles of the Criminal Code and the Code of Administrative Offences of Kazakhstan indicating the characteristics and types of punishment for corruption crimes and offenses. Also reviewed the legislation of foreign states in the fight against corruption.

Nowadays tourism has become one of the leading sectors of the world economy. Development of tourism is a priority direction in Kazakhstan’s policy. Intergovernmental cooperation in the tourism sphere is regulated and organized by bilateral and multilateral international treaties. Thus, this article aims to examine international legal acts and national legislation in the Republic of Kazakhstan in tourism sector, to analyze bases of cooperation of states in the sphere of international tourism. Moreover, an activity of the World Tourism Organization, fundamental principles of tourism established in international law documents, are analyzed, too.

The article is devoted to the analysis of interrelation between individual traumatic experience of a person and divorce situation. Posttraumatic stress, which is a consequence of impact on the person of extreme psychotraumatic factors of high intensity, affects not only the individual, but also all levels of his interaction with other people. Respectively, the need of the comprehensive analysis of consequences of traumatic experience is defined by involvement of a person in structure of interpersonal relations, including family relations, and how destructive can these consequences be for family functioning. Also this article is devoted to the analysis of strategy of the coping behavior used by people in a divorce situation. Now the mechanisms of psychological protection and coping mechanisms are considered the most important forms of adaptation processes and response of individuals to stressful situations. According to the authors, the choice of constructive strategy of coping behavior in a divorce situation by the person helps to adapt for this difficult life situation, as well as to prevent development of posttraumatic stress as a reaction to this traumatic event. Besides, the conclusion is made that studying of consequences of processes of coping with a trauma of divorce demand further discussion.

This article discusses the specifics of mental development in early adolescence. Chronological limits of this period is marked. The basic methodological approaches to understanding development in early adolescence are represented. The basic problems of development at this age are formulated. Emphasis is placed on the role of the social situation of development and the leading activity to the development of personality. From this perspective, the specifics of social situation of development is described, the problem of the leading activity in early adolescence is posed. The peculiarities of cognitive sphere, personal new formations in early youth are analyzed. Specific types of personal development during early adolescence are given. 

In this article considered a calm and a peaceful attitude to a life, a death and an immortality, a pursuit to an enlightenment and a deliverance from evil. The life and the death are the eternal themes that exist in spiritual culture of the humanity. Prophets and founders of religions, philosophers and moralists, art and literature figures, pedagogues and medical worker think about these problems. People try to understand the mystery existence of human and to solve such eternal issues as «What is the life? How can we prolong our lives? What is the death? What will happen after death? Can the human avoid the death and achieve the immortality? What is the reigning power in our world: the life or the death?» The death and the potential immortality are the most interesting problems that attract the philosophers, because our everyday life needs to be connected with an immortal life. The human has to think about the death and these thoughts distinguish him from animal, what is mortal but it doesn’t realize it.

In this scientific article the problem of influence of information space on socialization of youth is considered. The comparative analysis of various researches devoted to this area of knowledge is carried out. Skills of possession and use of modern means of communication and technologies in many respects determine the speed and opportunity to achieve a goal to the modern young man. Information space and «gadgets» promote successful adaptation and comfortable existence in all fields of activity. The world wide web and technologization of the majority of spheres of activity do especially important studying of influence of virtual reality on process of socialization of youth. Interaction with information which isn't relating to policy promotes development in youth of the specific knowledge and skills necessary for participation in collective actions. 

This article considers some aspects of cooperation between Kazakhstan and UNESCO in the field of culture, education, science and information. The article also analyzes the activity of Kazakhstan on the implementation of the provisions of international conventions in the above areas, such as the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage, ratified by Kazakhstan in 2003. The authors assess the work of UNESCO in all fields and projects that are implemented in Kazakhstan.

In the article it is considered the functioning of Steppe region’s governmental police officials in the end of XIX – beginning of XX centuries. There are considered new archive data for officials of police apparatus of district and regional centers of Steppe general governorship. According to the Steppe’s regulations of 1891 police power were concentrated at the district heads, their assistants, grabs and other officials of colonial power apparatus. On the whole, evolution of administrative government in Kazakh steppe mostly depended on the officials of military and police departments, the central role of which was acted by district heads and their assistants who had both police and civil functions. The purpose of the article is to show the peculiarity of Steppe region’s police apparatus officials functioning during the studied period. 

In this article the relation of the cognitive style of «tolerance-intolerance to an unrealistic experience», motivation and self-regulation of cognitive activity of first-year students is considered. Relevance of research is proved. The understanding of motivation and self-control of educational cognitive activity, and also cognitive style in foreign and domestic psychology is presented. The general characteristic of the studied cognitive style is given. The role of cognitive style in educational cognitive activity of students is shown. The ratio of various levels of motivation, self-control and indicators of tolerance-intolerance of students to unreal experience is revealed. 

One of the central problems of modern society, which is associated with the manifestations of religious fanaticism, is considered in the article. The questionnaire, consisting of 15 questions related to the relationship of students to the manifestation of religious fanaticism was carried out. The results of research show that the relationship of the respondents to this phenomenon, regardless of religion, in general, adverse and negative. Majority of the subjects believe that the most effective way to deal with religious fanaticism is with the help of social and public institutions engaged in the study of the problem of religious fanaticism, and the main cause of manifestation of religious fanaticism is a psychological problem that exists in our society. 

The problem of motivation of educational activity is one of the basic problems in psychology of training. Motives — an obligatory component of any activity. The educational motivation is defined as a private type of the motivation included into activity of studying, educational activity. The educational motivation is defined by a number of factors: educational system, educational institution where educational activity is carried out; organization of educational process; trainee’s subject features (age, sex, intellectual development, abilities, level of claims, a self-assessment) and etc. Qualitative features of development of the motivational sphere of the identity of the student depend on identification of an image I, an image of the world, an image of future professional activity, a self-assessment and a reflection. The deep knowledge and understanding of the motivational sphere can provide success, send activity of the identity of the student to the necessary course of his development.

The article deals with the problem of self-realization of a mature-aged people, which is the most important and urgent in view of the fact that it is in the maturity period, substantial transformation of personal space, most clearly expressed in self-concept, there is a restructuring and rethinking the system of personal, professional, social, meaningful relationship. This issue has important social significance, as self-realization determines the productive orientation of the individual, is the basic determinant of social creativity, and therefore the development of society. Аdulthood period is considered as the most socially active and productive human activity period where people most fully included in the life of society, therefore their characteristics in relation to self-actualization are important for the state of society. 

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