One of the most common cows diseases are mastitis. Economic damage consists of reducing the productivity of the animals, the nutritional value of milk, reproductive ability, and premature mortality of young productive animals. In several herds step mastitis cover up to 62 - 64% of high-productive cows; the most common is purulent - catarrhal mastitis.
Purulent - catarrhal mastitis occurs under the influence of pathogenic microflora, penetrating into the udder from the external environment through the teat canal, or as a result of increased virulence of microbes living in the Lactiferous duct and udder cistern. Most often, this streptococcal mastitis (Streptococcusagalactiee, Str. Dysgalactiee, Str. Pyogenes et al.), Staphylococcus, E. coli and their associations.
If a cow is suffering from purulent - catarrhal mastitis, udder changes in tissue accompanied by an increase in body temperature to 40 - 40,5 ° C, the general depression, poor appetite or total failure of the animal feed. Milk production drops sharply, agalactosis is observed. As a result, the proportion of diseased inflammatory edema of the udder increases in volume.
Thus, the theme of mastitis cure, the search for new methods and means of their treatment, is relevant as ever.
Today, there are a lot of drugs for the mastitis treatment, but not all of them have the expected effect. In this context, the aim of our study was to find the most effective drug for the treatment purulent-catarrhal mastitis in cows.
Research was carried out on animals belonging to agricultural units and private farms in Karasu region.
For the experiment the ill animals were divided into two groups according to the comparative method: the first group used "Mastitsid" with penicillin, the second - "Mastidzhet-fort" with penicillin. At the same time the animals were in the same conditions of feeding and housing. Before the introduction of drugs the udder was freed from milk, nipples disinfected. Drugs were warmed to body temperature, shaken and injected carefully with a catheter in an amount of 10 ml through the teat canal into the udder stricken fraction.
The animals had been treated for 5 days. The drugs were injected twice a day every 12 hours. Animals were examined for clinical signs and using samples with masticid.
The studies found that the use of drug mixtures "Mastitsid" with penicillin in the first experimental group led to an improvement in the general condition on the fifth day. Body temperature returned to normal and the quality of milk improved on the fourth day.
In the second group, the use of "Mastidzhet - fort" with penicillin led to the improvement of the general condition and quality of milk on the third day.
Thus, the results of the research suggest that the most effective means of treatment purulent-catarrhal mastitis is "Mastidzhet forte" with penicillin. In addition, the drug "Mastidzhet forte" is easy to use, as it is available in a syringe- dispenser.
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