Guarantee of peace is the field of spiritual consent

The spirit of the Great Steppeis a pledge of peace and stability, happiness and wellbeing, friendship and brotherhood, the prosperity of our country. The ideals of the national wealth derives from great humanistic ideas. The evidence of this is the modernization of the history of national culture, reverence for heritage and tradition of ancestors, its place in the world civilization. The work has comprehensively studied the issues of the spiritual revival of the succession of the generation in the modern world. The article analyzes the aspects of friendship and kinship, traditions formed by many generations, contributing to the development of interethnic harmony and prosperity of the future nation. The study of the centuries-old wisdom of the people serves as a spiritual continuous connection between generations. Ancestors surprised other countries, not only with their intelligence, attention and ability of native people, they also believed that independence would be the stage of happy future in their history. In the dynamic period, the national history of the Kazakh people from ancient times to the present day provides an opportunity for large-scale research in terms of national ideology.

It is a platform which connects our past, present, and future. I am convinced that the most important mission of spiritual modernization is to reconcile the various strands of our national sense of identity andculture. From the N. Nazarbayev's article «Course towards the future: modernization of Kazakhstan's identity». The example of serving the good of the country is the great role of the Assembly of Kazakhstani people the unity of the multiethnic, multi-confessional personality, the unity of society in the regulation of different ethnic relations, ensuring uniform stability.

«In the historical destiny of every country, initiatives that will leave a deep mark will succeed only if they fully meet the needs and aspirations of the people and will have a long life [1; 6].

The harmony of cultures is a guarantee of peace and harmony. There is no doubt that this normal situation is a sign of interethnic harmony. It is well-known that our land is multinational and multilingual. On the one hand, it intends to live in harmony, peace, stability in our country. Because morality is the basis of any religion. And the essence of morality is people's love, good will, true intentions. Spirituality agreement marks the national consciousness, spiritual and moral principles and moral criteria relating unable to field tells the ideals of important development in the history of human civilization.

The origin of morality is always the pureness of the heart. It has been developed on the basis of ancient national attitudes, national consciousness phenomena, values and harmony with nature. Therefore, it is possible for each of us to have fellow countrymen living in our land, to have brotherly affection, compassion, support and assistance to one another and we wish so. This, in turn, is the evidence of the overwhelming majority of humanitarian values. That is the interconnection of the native place with ethnical homogeneity and the spiritual-cultural continuity of their continuity, spiritual-cultural transformation and development. That is in the social environment, it is a manifestation of the intrinsic nature of the creatures. It is especially noteworthy that the President noted that the role of the older generation, which has a reputation in the people's memory, in the modern world, intellectual achievements, the aesthetic taste-concept, the national political and cultural heritage of the local people, the dominance of symbols is a manifestation of inclusion.

The members of the Assembly are working diligently to pursue good goals for interethnic, friendship, good neighborly relations. Kazakh humanistic tradition is based on spiritual-moral values, social partnership, intellectual culture, interethnic accord, international cooperation.

Nowadays, many people do not understand that humanization in education is focused on the formation of relations of morality and tolerance and the priority of moral values in the concept of different views and principles of life.

Keeping national identity, it is essential to promote the national spirit in the tradition of the ancestor tradition. This national values as the determining factor in the national life of our people and its relevance indetermining the source of knowledge how far the reconstruction of the depths of the times the necessity of modern life.

It is a national consciousness that defines the complex and diverse history of our people, reflects the dignity and ultimately suits its spirit. Identifying and analyzing the values oriented to national identity and consciousness in the history of the country the most active role of the continuity of generations of these values, who have the power and influence to unite, encourage and consolidate the majority.

In fact, the deepening of the essence and meaning of these historical legacies, which is of great importance today, proves the triumph of historical justice Spiritual heritage of our people means communication of generations and time harmony. It is a direction that guides the spirit of our ancestors and directs the younger generation to goodness and patriotism. Therefore, the more modern civilization advances, the more important it is for the future generations.

In general, every nation has a great influence on its survival, its geographical environment and its natural world. In contrast, the great harmony and harmony of the human nature of the Great Steppe with the nature of ancestral tradition is surprisingly amazing. At the same time, we can see from this harmony the values that characterize behavior of our people and the spiritual world that are under the national consciousness. The behavior of the Kazakh people depends on the environment, in particular, in the field of living. Being alert, forgiving, generous, understanding the essence of everything in the conversation, analyzing each word and responding with its thought, all of this demonstrates the simplicity of the nature of our people. In most folk arts, especially in the search for human behavior, special attention is paid to the values of morality and goodness. In particular, the relationship between people, interactions between people, life-long generation, human growth, aging, life span, lifestyle, respect between parents and children as well as urgent issues which can't be overlooked in various life situations.And the practice of nomadic life is associated with Mother Nature and the organization of everyday life. In daily life there are many qualities, such as the attitude of older people, respect for the elderly, caring for the weak. «All this has accumulated the entire public and private life of nomadic people who came together to formulate unwritten codes of moral, everyday ethical principles» [2; 103].

The wisdom of Kazakh thinkers is a reflection of the cultural and spiritual achievements of the environment in which they lived. Morality has always been a source of wisdom and occupies an appropriate place in the work of poetic creation. We have a lot of people from education which in love to mankind because the team of ancestors is «humane art». Philosophical knowledge and wisdom, which is the success of the wisdom of people: the wisdom of the elderly, national tradition, culture, history, genealogy, philosophy, moral philosophy, the true scientific basis, all of these does not claim that arguments are the subject. In the mastery and application of the achievements of spiritual wisdom people have the most important title of «human».

The most basic principle is morality. The basis of humanity is people who must always remain human. And characteristic is the spiritual wealth of the human soul. Popular wisdom in human life is a kind of world, an unique world, with wisdom and ideas of moral behavior involved in the Affairs of human behavior. The understanding of human wisdom is based on deep reflection, reasoning, understanding of many things, experiencing difficulties, contemplative thoughts, secrets, dreams and ideals. Therefore, wisdom is the spiritual food of mankind, the treasure of spiritual penetration into humanity. And humanity is a phenomenon in the sense of creating and improving people. The core of the problem of raising children is life experience, people's tradition and ultimately wisdom. It would be appropriate to say that wisdom and morality cannot exist without each other.

As you can notice, the values, along with the homeland, the people and the parent, are combination of humanity and conscience. The most striking example of training and modeling of generations of nomadic Kazakh people living on nomadic Kazakh nation is the fact that the soul is pure, that is a sign of educationthe presence of conscience. Our ancestors were able to confiscate everything they wanted for their purity. That is why moral values are considered to be the most valuable values in the human race. People say that «Father-high rock, the Mother-fluid spring, the child-pure graft». The strong bond between these three in the family is an unshakable and harmonious Union, not only with blood but with deep love. Our wise ancestors, who absorbed the essence of their native land, one of the two words of humanity, preached the wisdom and dignity of their people.

At the heart of public life, popular wisdom has raised the issue of human problems, as well as its true and false beliefs, personality and dignity, as the root of national ideology. Because behavior is shaped by nurture. And the Foundation of wisdom is the education of future generations, which are the core of the integrity of life. Thus, one of the main features of the life of our people is education. It is about all culture of the Kazakh people, traditions, wisdom, proverbs, fairy tales, legends, poems, games, secrets and mistakes. Education for children is an evergreen line of work that keeps people from a continuous lifecycle that is unbearable and indestructible. Mukhtar Auezov wrote: «Exemplary education of the pure light of mankind should be in the person. In order to achieve the goals of the child, the teacher must have a deeper mind. When he grew up on the path of parenting, a deeper thought should also be turned to a person's ability to care for his busiest future. No matter how pure a man is, he cannot be perfect. A parent is a high mind that keeps his desires clean and keeps him clean» [3; 15]. High spirituality of the Kazakh people is taken from the rich life experience, humanity, set, unity and citizenship. As you can see, the questions of upbringing will be diverse. Each of them is like the world of wisdom. All of this is accompanied by human moral qualities. T.H. Ryskaliyev in his book «Example of wisdom and understanding» (review of the history of philosophy)» speaks about education in this way: «Education is something that has become a tradition along with the history of mankind... The common educational requirement for all mankind is to teach young people to become human. And the ways of education depend on the traditions, customs, history, mentality, spiritual development of each nation. For Kazakh people the way of becoming a man are determined by the respect of the older, listening, following the path of his father, the way his mother, dignity, obedience, art education, desire to work. We need to find ways to become wise in all areas» [4; 181]. The main task is to educate the generation in the spirit of national traditions and customs. Traditionally, Atamura — accumulated experience of our people to educate our people for centuries, inherent to our children. The Kazakh people has taught generations of humanity, respect, hospitality. The philosophy of the people was the source of upbringing generation. After all, all these quotes, aphorisms, Chronicles gave rise to education. We find it in stories about the elderly on the Council, the stages of past art Chronicles and stories. The continuity of generations of people who recognized the diversity of word-formers of our people, who understood the word «eloquent of language in art», is means spreading the so-called national education and the contribution of our ancestors. In other words, the spirit of ancestral tradition is an ocean of folk wisdom. Kazakhs paid special attention to the fact that the child was brought up correctly and became a good person. The child was brought up not only by his parents, but also by the whole countryside. It is also tradition that has existed for thousands of years since the history of the ancient world. Our people honor traditions, respect elders and treat hospitably to all peopleall this pledge of good education. The upbringing of the girl and the boy had a difference, as they say, «the Son will be born-the pride of the people, the daughter will be born-the beauty of the earth», Special relationship with dignity, respect for place of residence, country of birth and country. If in the notion of our ancestor's land, water – treasure and wealth, then homeland is an alternative idea seats, where you were born. Therefore, the highest peak of human consciousness should be a warm sense of upbringing. The one who honors his homeland, will honor its heroes. The basic principle of humanity is that it is necessary to protect the parents, people and homeland.

The lead of state N.A. Nazarbayev in his article «Orientation to the future: spiritual revival» expresses: «a Person is the owner of great emotions, not just infinite intelligence. Place of birth a place where everyone came to the country of praise, a sacred place where you live, grunge and alive. No matter where he goes, there won't be a soul that doesn't make his heart unbearable. One of the most important example of true patriotism is a great contribution to the Motherland, its culture and traditions. It is the Foundation of any cultural genetic code that is truly a nation, not a community of people. Our ancestors did not just protect a vast territory. They protected us, the future of the nation, their offspring. They assured us of our homeland, which attempted a lot of strangers, without giving at least some of the enemies» [5].

The basis of folk wisdom-values in the spiritual world of the Kazakhs. The kindness, hospitality, obedience, duty, morality, honor, etc. Each of them is a valuable heritage of human qualities. Conscience, courage, determination, perseverance helps to overcome difficulties which appears on the way of goal achievements.One of them is the tradition of hospitality, and its attitude to culture is primarily recognized as a guarantee of cooperation and unity of people. Traditionally, hospitality is a guarantee of friendship and cooperation between the countries. If you say so, the Kazakh dastarkhan is a Holy place. It's not just a dish, it's a mutual affection. In front of such a beautiful table as dastarkhan inner self, affection, cognition, respect of each person reflects his personality. The conversation at table had much to do with delicate, which caused some of the branches of the national traditions of the past, and the generosity of the elders, smaller problems and trump the charges were the result of extensive work. Ultimately the decision problem for the Kazakh dastarkhan shows that the dastarkhan is sacred.

Ability to reach a mutual consent and understanding is an art, those it is a part of our culture. In the works of art, the Kazakh steppes have a great influence on cultural influences and how much value it has brought. However, we conclude that the culture of the Kazakh steppe was recognized as a complex and multifaceted phenomenon with a deep tradition. And the mechanism of acceptance of national cultural values, i.e. «perception Tool», is always connected everywhere with each nation and each generation.

Therefore, the development of human emotions in each person is considered on the basis of the level of development of the nation, the spirit of the nation. And, in fact, the moral spirit of the whole nation (one nation) comes from the moral sense of every person (personality and community). Spirit, in turn, «state of exhaustion, high spirituality, high status, authority and aspiration of people». Its basis is history, customs, traditions, heroic deeds of ancestors, words of edification, wise words, souls of ancestors and their inexhaustible power. It is a flurry of words and lofty ideals that draw attention to the noble dreams of the people who influence it. Kazakhstan nation is famous for its devotion to its high, dominant, spacious, luxurious, bright, purposeful, strong-willed ancestors. Here comes the spiritual image of the nation» [6; 167].

Almost all of this leads to humanistic values. The main source of the Kazakh point of view is a man and his environment, and the relationship between them is based on humanistic principles, although the content of the book contains many examples of humanism. The humanistic outlook of nomads is the basis of the national identity of our people, their humanity and quality of life. If one understands the humanistic meaning of the words of edification, it is obvious that the highest level in the spiritual development of man is moral consciousness. This reflects the special value of educated, high humanistic consciousness for the Kazakh people.

Another point that determines the humanistic content of the Kazakh wisdom is the power that unites the unity of the Kazakh spirit, solidarity and civic harmony, honesty and justice. People who valued their dignity through the dignity of life recognized themselves as part of the natural world and recognized unity and solidarity among Nations as a fundamental force of fundamental sovereignty. Therefore, peace, unity, loyalty and justice are the motives of humanism, and they try to keep it as the Apple of the eye. As if the breeze of the dance is preserved in the minds of the country that was proud of it, and it is as if it is the breeze of humanity, honor and dignity. Maiky bi said:

The basis of unity-abundance The basis of abundance-a holiday With clasped hands With sharpened swords Become the birthplace of one Let the sky be clear Let the sun Shine If it is just to reign The agreed people will be [7; 16].

Understanding, that solidarity and unity are in the center of the countries, Maiky bi assured this to his people.

The concept of consciousness, which is the main place in the spiritual values of Kazakhstan, is an honor. B. Kasenov analyzed the socio-spiritual, historical and philosophical essence of the word of honor in his monograph «Namys». According to the author, dignity is «respect for our nation, conscience, behavior, heroism, citizenship, fate, mercy, indifference to evil, dignity, honor, friendship, peace, hospitality and respect» [8; 16].

When we look at the essence of these contradictory qualities in human beings, we say, «we can follow the right path». «Pride is a deep, broad concept, contradictory spiritual power», the author says: «Dignity is a whole system of the most sacred feelings accumulated and preserved as cultural and spiritual wealth in the entire nation of nomadic life. And its beginning is the conscience of the nation. Although every word of shame and conscience is sacred to man, the evolutionary development of these precious little details forms the image and pride of the nation» [8; 18].

Religious state of independent Kazakhstan, the concept of freedom of faith and religion, tolerant interreligious relations, interethnic and interreligious harmony in the image of Kazakhstan, the concept of our head of state on peace and justification of interreligious harmony in the present time is very important. The spiritual values of humanism and the development of the education system, the development of a humane outlook, the embodiment of social and industrial trends begin the path to spiritual unity of the people.

Adaptation of the country to innovations and breakthroughs is a democratic basis of society. The modern «reality» of democratic progress mutual cooperation, tolerance, learning from others; to open theirhome country, to worship their homeland; to respect our status; differentiation of the potential of the Holy area; to answer the question of education of the younger generation through education, national traditions of our country. And all of this is evidence of today's civilization and future generations.

The thoughts mentioned above reflecting the value and attractiveness of the idea «Mangilik El».

Transformation of cognitive object into the object of research, spirituality is the key to the modernization of the humanitarian tradition. The formation of the scientific basis of national and cultural development, its replenishment with innovative initiatives is the cornerstone of the position of our First President and the purpose of today's life. It should not be forgotten that descendants should bear in mind the interests of all Nations in their efforts to strengthen the stability of our land, civic harmony and inter-ethnic harmony as they are now.

The President stressed that Kazakhstan is a multinational state: «... all people living in Kazakhstan should take deep root in the essence of our unity. After all, we have to look into our past and see our future. Today time again turned to our attention. Our generation is responsible for preserving the heritage of our ancestors, strengthening our updated state and moving to a qualitatively new level that meets the requirements of civilized world community. The spirit of our ancestors makes each of us understand that we are responsible for the future of our country. Today, we owe it to our ancestors to act, to keep pace with the past, to strive for the future, to live in peace and harmony with other Nations, to respect their culture, traditions and customs. In Kazakh language there is a saying: «Power is in unity». And this, in turn, requires respect for the culture, language and traditions of Kazakh people and our nation as a whole» [9; 67].

The purpose of the Assembly of peoples of Kazakhstan is not only to improve interethnic relations, but also to give freedom to the development of national identity (language, history, culture, customs and traditions) to representatives of different nationalities living in Kazakhstan, as well as improvement of the perfection of the country in achieving peace and stability in the society. Moreover, hospitable, generous and talented people of different nationalities express their zeal to the Kazakh people, respect for the language, history, culture and traditions of the Motherland. This is almost a model of tolerance culture in Kazakhstan.

Achieving spiritual maturity through the ambitious spirit in our blood from the previous generation is the road to the future. The essence of it is that friendship between the people is one of the goals of prosperity, peace and harmony.

 

References

  1. Zhakipov, M.H. (2015). Kazakhstan khalky assambleiasy: alhashky kadamdary (1995-1997) [Assembly of people of Kazakhstan: first steps (1995-1997)]. Astana: «Zhasyl Orda» ZhShS» [in Kazakh].
  2. Nazarbayev, N.A. (1999). Tarikh tolhynynda [In the stream of history]. Almaty: Atamura [in Kazakh].
  3. Auezov, M.O. (1984). Zhiyrma tomdyk shyharmalar zhinahy [Twenty-volume collection of works]. (Vol. 15). Almaty: Zhazushy [in Russian].
  4. Ryskaliyev, T.H. (1999). Danalyk pen tusiniktin ulhileri (philosophia tarihyna sholu) [Examples of wisdom and concept (history of philosophy)]. Almaty: Akyl kitaby [in Kazakh].
  5. Nazarbayev, N.A. (2017). Bolashakka bahdar: rukhani zhanhyru [Orientation to the future: spiritual maturity]. Ehemen Kazakhstan – Egemen Kazakhstan [in Kazakh].
  6. Kishibekov, D. (1999). Kazakh mentalitety: kewe, buhin, erten [Kazakh mentality: yesterday, today, and tomorrow]. Almaty: Nauka [in Kazakh].
  7. Torekul, N. (1996). Biler sozi — akyldyn kozi [The Biy's word source intelligence]. Almaty: Kazakhstan [in Kazakh].
  8. Kasenov, B.K. Namys (philosophiialyk esse) [Honor (philosophical essay)]. Karaganda [in Kazakh].
Year: 2018
City: Karaganda
Category: History