A theory and innovative methods of teaching brain storming

Brainstorming theory, as a teaching technique is to stimulate creative thinking, usually start from a specific topic and to talk about and discuss a variety of forms of excavation of useful information to create ideas, and thus broaden students to imagine and think about space, brainstorming, induced collective wisdom, to activate the student's creativity and inspiration. The purpose of the use of this technique is to give students an imagination in order to concentrate and think about time and space, brainstorming, the activation of their minds all the relevant schema, for

example, ideas, concepts, images and impressions and so on. It is usually carried out around a particular topic, teachers, as mentors to encourage students to positive thinking, creative thinking, and to talk about and discuss a variety of forms of excavation of useful information and the formation of ideas; and then choose to activate the idea of a meaningful Content. Practice has proved that, Brainstorming to promote student self-study, to develop students of English listening, speaking, reading and writing ability, especially the ability to write a play an active role in promoting.

Brainstorming with a group of people is a powerful technique. Brainstorming creates new ideas, solves problems, motivates and develops teams. Brainstorming motivates because it involves members of a team in bigger management issues, and it gets a team working together. However, brainstorming is not simply a random activity. Brainstorming needs to be structured and it follows brainstorming rules. The brainstorming process is described below, for which you will need a flipchart or alternative. This is crucial as Brainstorming needs to involve the team, which means that everyone must be able to see what's happening. Brainstorming places a significant burden on the facilitator to manage the process, people's involvement and sensitivities, and then to manage the follow up actions. Use Brainstorming well and you will see excellent results in improving the organization, performance, and developing the team.

N.B. There has been some discussion in recent years - much of it plainly daft - that the term 'brainstorming' might be 'political incorrect' by virtue of possible perceived reference to brain- related health issues. It was suggested by some that the alternative, but less than catchy 'thoughtshowers' should be used instead, which presumably was not considered to be offensive to raindrops (this is serious…). Happily recent research among relevant groups has dispelled this non-pc notion, and we can continue to use the brainstorming expression without fear of ending up in the law courts…

Brainstorming process:

  1. Define and agree the objective;
  2. Brainstorm ideas and suggestions having agreed a time limit;
  3. Categorise/condense/combine/refine;
  4. Assess/analyse effects or results;
  5. Prioritise options/rank list as appropriate;
  6. Agreeactionandtimescale;
  7. Control and monitor follow-up.

In other words: plan and agree the brainstorming aim.

Ensure everyone participating in the brainstorm session understands and agrees the aim of the session (eg, to formulate a new job description for a customer services clerk; to formulate a series of new promotional activities for the next trading year; to suggest ways of improving cooperation between the sales and service departments; to identify costs saving opportunities that will not reduce performance or morale, etc). Keep the brainstorming objective simple. Allocate a time limit. This will enable you to keep the random brainstorming activity under control and on track.

Manage the actual brainstorming activity.

Brainstorming enables students to suggest ideas at random. Your job as facilitator is to encourage everyone to participate, to dismiss nothing, and to prevent others from pouring scorn on the wilder suggestions (some of the best ideas are initially the daftest ones - added to which people won't participate if their suggestions are criticized). During the random collection of ideas the facilitator must record every suggestion on the flip-chart. Use Blu-Tack or sticky tape to hang the sheets around the walls. At the end of the time limit or when ideas have been exhausted, use different colored pens to categorize, group, connect and link the random ideas. Condense and refine the ideas by making new headings or lists. You can diplomatically combine or include the weaker ideas within other themes to avoid dismissing or rejecting contributions (remember brainstorming is about team building and motivation too - you don't want it to have the reverse effect on some people). With the group, assess, evaluate and analyse the effects and validity of the ideas or the list. Develop and prioritize the ideas into a more finished list or set of actions or options.

Implement the actions agreed from the brainstorming.

Agree what the next actions will be. Agree a timescale, who's responsible. After the session circulate notes, monitor and give feedback. It's crucial to develop a clear and positive outcome, so that people feel their effort and contribution was worthwhile. When people see that their efforts have resulted in action and change, they will be motivated and keen to help again.

Personal brainstormingfor creativity, planning, presentations, decision-making, and organizing your ideas.

Personal brainstorming - just by yourself - is very useful for the start of any new project, especially if you can be prone to put things off until tomorrow.

Planning a new venture, a presentation, or any new initiative, is generally much easier if you begin simply by thinking of ideas - in no particular order or structure - and jotting them down on a sheet of paper or in a notebook. Basically this is personal brainstorming, and it can follow the same process as described above for groups, except that it's just you doing it. Sometimes it's very difficult to begin planning something new - because you don't know where and how to start. Brainstoming is a great way to begin. The method also generates lots of possibilities which you might otherwise miss by getting into detailed structured planning too early. A really useful tool for personal brainstorming - and note-taking generally - is the wonderfulBic4-colourballpen. The pen enables you quickly to switch colours between red, blue, black and green, without having to walk around with a pocket-full of biros. Using different colours in your creative jottings and written records helps you to make your notes and diagrams clearer, and dramatically increases the ways in which you can develop and refine your ideas and notes on paper. To prove the point, review some previous notes in black or blue ink using a red pen - see how you can organize/connect the content, still keeping it all clear and legible.This simple pen is therefore a brilliant tool for organizing your thoughts on paper much more clearly and creatively than by being limited to a single colour - especially if you think in visual terms and find diagrams helpful.

For example, using different colours enables you to identify and link common items within a random list, or to show patterns and categories, or to over-write notes without making a confusing mess, and generally to generate far more value from your thoughts and ideas. Keeping connected notes and ideas on a single sheet of paper greatly helps the brain to absorb and develop them. Try it - you'll be surprised how much more useful your notes become.

The principle is the same as using different colours of marker pens on a flip-chart. Other manufacturers produce similar pens, but the Bic is reliable, widely available, and very inexpensive.

References

1. Titova V.V. ―Innovative approaches to teaching Foreign languages and cultures.

2. Russel G.D. ―Modular Instruction‖.

Year: 2016
City: Almaty
Category: Economy