Background. Simple, accurate, and noninvasive methods for assessing body composition are needed in many clinical, community, and research settings. The foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) system may be one method of addressing those needs. The objective of this study was to determine the validity of a foot- to-foot BIA system for body-composition assessment of patients which have ischemic heart disease.
Purpose. The propose of this study was to determine the body composition changes of 10-days clinicbased weight management program
Materials and methods. For a period of two years (2016-2018) we studied 60 overweight and obese pations (BMI, X±SD, 32,94 ± 6,51 kg/m2). The diagnostic protocol included antropometric data, body composition analyse with (Tanita) leg-to-leg BIA system (model TBF – 300A), blood analysis, cardiological, dietological and physiotherapeutical specialist consult. All of patients keep to a low-calory diet, intensive everyday exercise and physiotherapy procedures. The lectures course included of basis nutrition, healthy eathing, long-term exercise programm.
Results: Weight loss for the group was 2.57 kg. The fat-mass loss was 1.25 kg, free-fat mass was also decrease 1.31 kg. Reductions in circumferences of waist and hip for the group was 3.9 cm and 3.09 cm respectively. Basal metabolic rate was significantly reduced (p < 0.001). Patients had improved some components (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, fasting glucose, blood pressure).
Conclusion: These results support the field use of BIA for estimating changes in fat mass as it is simple to use, requires minimal training and is used across a spectrum of ages, body weights, and disease states. The Tanita system was highly correlated to other measures of body composition such as waist circumference and BMI and provides another tool for identifying individuals at risk for chronic disease.