Telemedicine in the 21st century: how telemedicine has been developed in kazakhstan since getting independence?

Actuality: The 21st century is a time of globalization and modern society who require a relief of living conditions. In a process of developing of new technologies, new types of illnesses are spreading around the world and medical scientists discovering unusual diseases every day. There is a problem, that not all of the global residents have opportunity to visit a doctor or we need to settle more efficient way of treating people. Telemedicine is an appropriate and convenient method for doctors and patients and role of the telemedicine is gradually growing.

Thesis:Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the telecommunications infrastructure. It allows healthcare providers to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients using common technology, such as video conferencingand smartphones, without the need for an in-person visit.

As various parties seek more efficient ways to provide care at less cost to the patient, telemedicine's role has grown. It is often a time-saving way for a consumer to see and speak to a clinician for minor and non-urgent medical needs instead of going to a primary care physician's office or emergency department. In recent years, many states have passed laws that make telemedicine easier to practice, and federal health regulators are also exploring ways to further grant Medicare reimbursements for telemedicine services.

We are living in the age of high information and communication technology, and have long-standing problem of improving human health in healthcare systems.

The telehealth devices in use today resemble earlier telemedicine equipment, but modern health tech is smaller in size and greater in scope of features. Wearables like fitness wristbands and heart rate monitors are an early example of mobile health tools that track patients’ vital data in real time. Smart glasses and smart watches are already popular amongst physicians, and will soon be used to relieve doctors of tedious paperwork.

Luckily for the telemedicine industry, there’s still a lot of unexplored territory. Both private and government- owned research firms invest heavily in telemedicine, so the technology develops almost faster than physicians can keep up. What will telemedicine look like in 2020? We can only imagine.

Last years because of the great demand in telemedicine in developed countries the level of medical services has been improved for 3% . The introduction to the single medical database among medical centers and medical universities helped to increase the level of educational system in Kazakhstan for 10 %.

In developing countries as Kazakhstan, people who are studying science and technology have a great chance to discover new innovative sources and improve opened technics.

Telemedicine’s development project which is workingwithin Governmental reforming program and developing of healthcare system in Republic of Kazakhstan from 2005 to 2010 has been confessed as a successfully acting project. Improvement of medical telecommunication in Kazakhstan is necessary and important for many regions and villages which are located far away from the cities, metropolises. Not all of the regions are provided with economical efficient transportation to the city and they have limited opportunity for treatment in their stationary or precinct hospitals.

Generally. Telemedicine is a part of medical science which was created for interactive videoconsultation for residents If patient is aching with intractable illness or he is in critical condition and local doctors can’t give rights diagnosis and effective way of treating , telemedicine will help to create a group chat of doctors who has a high qualification in medicine. In this chat doctors who are living in 1000km away from each other, can share with ideas of treating and finding solution of complicated problems, discuss a question.

Telemedical practice has been used in vital moment when in Armeny happened an earthquake and gas explosion under Ufa. At this time with help of telecommunication of American and Russian doctors many wounded people could survive and stay alive. In videoconference took a part more than 400 specialists and it lasted for 12 weeks.

The first large-scale project in Kazakhstan “The development of telemedicine in rural health in 2005. »Started in the Competition for the creation of the project, announced by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, won the domestic company MDS Company.In the course of the project, medical facilities in 11 regions of Kazakhstan were gradually integrated into a common network - a system of telemedicine modules communicating via satellite communication channels. During the telemedicine session, it became possible to transfer data from ultrasound and ECG examinations, X-rays, various laboratory tests, as well as other information about the patient.

As a result, the consulting physician made a clinical diagnosis, made recommendations for treatment, additional examination, or invited for an on-site examination, treatment, surgery. Video conferencing was organized between the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republican, regional and district telemedicine centers.For the first stage of introduction specialists used a domestic satellite “KazSat-1”. After a while functioning of telemedical link in Karagandy and regions of West Kazakhstan needed for the replacement with French satellite “Eutelsat”.

References:

  1. “Telemedicine Technologies: Information Technologies in Medicine and Telehealth”, Bernhard Font – 2010year
  2. “Телемедицина” Анатолий Блажис и Вячеслав Анатольевич Дюк – 2001г
  3. https://tengrinews.kz/opinion/721/
  4. https://www.nur.kz/1754731-kazahstancam-obasnili-cto-takoe-mobilnaa-telemedicina.html
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3089841/
Year: 2018
City: Shymkent
Category: Medicine