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Цель нашей работы - изучение аминокислотного и минерального состава травы чертополоха поникшего

Слово «этика» произошло от греческого «ethos», что в переводе означает обычай, нрав. Нравы и обычаи наших предков и составляли их нравственность, общепринятые нормы поведения.

Артериальная гипертензия (АГ) является важнейшей медико-социальной проблемой. У 30% взрослого населения развитых стран мира определяется повышенный уровень артериального давления (АД) и у 12-15 % - наблюдается стойкая артериальная гипертензия

Целью нашего исследования явилось определение эффективности применения препарата «Гинолакт» для лечения ВД у беременных.

Целью нашего исследования явилось изучение эффективности и безопасности препарата лазолван 30мг у амбулаторных больных с ХОБЛ.

Деформирующий остеоартроз (ДОА) в настоящее время является наиболее распространенным дегенеративно-дистрофическим заболеванием суставов, которым страдают не менее 20% населения земного шара.

Целью работы явилась оценка анальгетической эффективности препарата Кетанов (кеторолак трометамин), у хирургических больных в послеоперационном периоде и возможности уменьшения использования наркотических анальгетиков.

Для более объективного подтверждения мембранно-стабилизирующего влияния карбамезапина и ламиктала нами оценивались перекисная и механическая стойкости эритроцитов у больных эпилепсией

Нами было проведено клинико-нейропсихологическое обследование 250 больных с ХИСФ (работающих в фосфорном производстве Каратау-Жамбылской биогеохимической провинции)

C использованием разработанных алгоритмов и моделей был произведен анализ ситуации в системе здравоохранения биогеохимической провинции. Рассчитаны интегрированные показатели здоровья

Специфические особенности Каратау-Жамбылской биогеохимической провинции связаны с производством фосфорных минеральных удобрений.

Isolation and identification of fungalstrains incrude lignite

Due to the limited oil and gas resources worldwide, coal will become the most important energy material. With the consumption of 2007,in terms of volume, coal reserves will be maintained for 146 years, while oil will be exhausted within 50 years and natural gas will be within 63 years. After the oil and gas reserves are exhausted, coal will monopolize the entire fossil energy market. Obviously, coal is use, especially the brown coal, which accounts for 47.3% of the world’s coal reserves, will become an important research theme.

There are abundant lignite resources in Kazakhstan and the lignite with low calorific value and high ash content is piled up as rubbish causing a serious waste of resources as well as environmental pollution. Research into biological processes for the utilization of fossil energy has received more and more attention in recent years. Microbial treatment has been considered as an economically effective and environmentally safe way of processing coal via degradation of the macromolecular network into simpler, low molecular mass products [1-3]. The coal solubilization processes that have been studied in greater detail include the basidiomycetes fungi involved in wood rotting processes. Despite the advances in the understanding of the microbial transformation of coal, it is still not possible to develop efficient and economically viable biotechnological processes to produce humic substances by solubilizing LRC with fungi. Humic acids are polyelectrolytic macromolecules which play an important role in global carbon and nitrogen cycling and in the regulation of the mobility and fate of plant nutrients and environmental contaminants [4-6]. Lignite, a low-grade coal, has a lignin-like structure and contains humic acid and water-soluble humic material including fulvic acids. It is well known that humic acids have widespread utilization in agriculture, for example, they have been used as organic fertilizer and as a feed additive.

The present work was intended to isolate fungi with high-efficiency solubilising-coal activity from low rankcoal.

Lignite. Lignite sample for biosolubilization was obtained from the “Oikaragai” coal deposit (Almaty province, Kazakhstan). The samples were collected at around 15 cm depth beneath the surface, manually pulverized (particle size around <1 mm), and stored at 4°C .

Fungi strains and cultivation medium

These strains were selected because of theirability to grow in a (AMSC5) growth medium with powdered LRC at 5% as the sole source of carbon. Its composition(mg/L) was: NH4NO3- 2.50, KH2PO4- 1.75, MgSO4 -0.75, K2HPO4- 0.75, NaCl - 0.25, ZnSO4- 0.088, FeCl3- 0.08,CuSO4- 0.016, MnCl2- 0.014, MoO3- 0.007, Co (NO3)2- 0.005;noble agar 15 g.L-1, powdered LRC 5% (p/v)[7].

Fungal ITS sequence and Phylogenetic analysis

The taxonomy of strain ES11 was evaluated by phylogenetic analysis of the ITS internal region[8]. Universal primers ITS1 (TCC GTA GGT GAA CCT GCG G) and ITS4 (TCC TCC GCT TAT TGA TAT GC) targeting the 3 and 5 end of the IT sequence were used for PCR.Chromatograms were analysed and edited using Bio-Edit version 5.0.9 (Hall TA., 1999: 95–98) and the Genbank database wassearched for sequence similarities using NCBI BLAST. It is generally believed that the similarity is more than 97% for the same type, and the above 95%is the same genus, using the software Clustal W calibration to multiplex it for comparison, apply MEGA5. 0 software, using neighbouring methods(Neighbour-Joining) build a phylogenetic tree.

Molecular identification of culturable fungi Performing ITS rDNA on the purified 4 representative fungi PCR reaction, the average length of the amplified gene fragment is about 500 bp, logs its ITS rDNA sequencing results to GenBank Database Blast comparison with existing sequences on NCBI Comparative analysis of similarity found that 3 strains and existing patterns in the database The ITS rDNA gene sequence similarity of the strain was over 97%. Molecular identification results showed 4 strains of fungi belong to Aspergillus sp.

Tab. 1 ITS rDNA sequences results of 4 culturable isolates


Results of identification





Strain number

GeneBank #









Fungal sp




Aspergillus fumigatus strain




Aspergillus sp.


PCR amplification of purified RKs (RK1, RK2, RK5, RK6) fungal strains genomic DNA using ITS primers resulted in the expected product. BLACT analysis of amplicon sequence showed high homology values with the sequence from [99%] RK1, RK3 and RK4: Neosartoryafischeri (EU926976), RK2: Aspergillus sp. (KP890480), RK5: Aspergillus fumigatus (GU566217), RK6: Aspergillus sp. (KX009135). it provide an relevant information for the screening of lignite depolymerizing fungi as the biofactories of biohumic substances for further studies.


  1. Fakoussa rm, Hofrichter M. (1999) Biotechnology and microbiology of coal degradation. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol.,vol. 52, pp.25–40.
  2. Gupta A., Birenda K.(2000) Biogasification of coal using different sources of micro-organisms. Fuel.,vol. 79 , pp .103–5.
  3. Helena M., Kamila P., Anna P.(2002) Microbial degradation of low rank coals. Fuel Process Technol. vol, 77/78, pp .17–23.
  4. Weber jh. Binding and transport of metals by humic material. In: Frimmel fh, Christman rf, editors. (1988) Humic substances and their rolein the environment. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons. pp. 165–78.
  5. Murphy em., Zachara jm. (1995)The role of sorbed humic substances on the distribution of organic and inorganic contaminants in groundwater. Geoderma .,vol. 67, pp . 103–24.
  6. Christl I., Knicker H., Kogel ik., Kretzschmar R. (2000) Chemical heterogeneity of humic substances: Characterization of size fractions obtained by hollow-fibre ultrafiltration . Eur J Soil Sci.,vol . 51 , pp . 617–25.
  7. Baylon M G, David Y, Pamidimarri S D V N, Baritugo k-a, Chae C G, Kim Y J, Kim T W, Kim m-s, Na J G,Park S J. Bio-solubilization of the untreated low rank coal by alkali-producing bacteria isolated from soil. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2017, 34(1): 105-109.
  8. Hall ta.(1999) bioedit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment, editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser., vol. 41, pp. 95–98.
  • Year: 2018
  • City: Shymkent
  • Category: Medicine

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