A small homeland, native land play great role in the life of each person, this is the place where we were born, took the first steps, studied, acquired the first friends forever will remain in our heart. Destiny gave us the edge where we live and work. Our deeds and actions have always been and will be directed to the benefit of our region, but it is not enough to speak about love for only native land, it is necessary to know its past and present, rich spiritual culture, national traditions and of course you must know it’s nature. All of this relate to our native places - to our wonderful place of Ural. In any nations there were people who knew the surrounding countryside, its nature, past and modern life. Their knowledge of the historical, geographical, economic nature, verbally and in various documents, they passed on to subsequent generations, thereby preserving continuity in the material and spiritual culture of peoples. All this concerns to our native places, there is a city settlement in the territory of the West Kazakhstan region, the name of which causes warm, bright feelings and makes it clear that good, responsible and hardworking people live in it. This is our wonderful land - the Ural!
One of these values, the sight of our region, and indeed the whole of the Republic as a whole, is Lake Shalkar.
Relevance. The relevance of the problem is that in the fact that this is a unique lake with huge potential, and here conditions are offered for the creation of a year-round tourist rest for both Kazakh citizens and foreign tourists. And also, Sasai Mountain can be used for a long time as a ski resort, it is possible to build horse and tourist routes through it. In the village of SaryOmir, which is located near the lake, there are all necessary infrastructures to organize one of the unique tourist centers.
Purpose: studying consist of water of the lake Shalkar, the adjacent territory, the infrastructure possibilities, we plan to develop a number of measures to develop the use of this territory as a tourist zone.
Methods: It is planned to study the climatic and geographical state of the region, the quality of the water and the soil of the lake.
Results and discussing. Through the researches, data will be obtained on the possible use of the Lake Shalkar area for tourism purposes, which fully complies with the Government Decree and the Presidential Decrees on improving the socioeconomic status of the Republic.
Some data from the literary analysis and own data.
Lake Shalkar is known for the consist of the water - brackish. It is located on the territory of the Terektinsky district. The lake is located at an altitude of 17.5 meters above sea level, the lake's area is 205.8 km.2, the average depth is 5 meters. From the north it is surrounded by salt marshes. The food is snow and underground. Because of low water, the lake's water is unsuitable for drinking: in the spring it is brackish, towards the end of summer it becomes bitter-salty. The lake runs into several years. It is rich in fish, there is a waterfowl. Lake Shalkar has a special ecological, scientific, cultural, recreational and aesthetic value. In the public, for the size and character it is called "Shalkar - the Sea". In the water there are hydrochloric acids, calcium bicarbonate, magnesium and other, vital minerals. Heavy metals in the lake are completely absent. This indicates that its consist is similar to sea water, and on the ecological status exceeds many indicators of sea water, which contributes to the improvement of the holidaymakers.
Conclusion. As a result, we will be able to solve a number of problems. These are: social - a recreation area and the development of tourism, preventing morbidity and improving the health of the population; economic - admission of additional finance in the budget of the region; environmental - the conservation of the environment.
- Елюбаев К. О. Охрана, использование и воспроизводство растительных, животных и почвенных ресурсов Западного Казахстана г. Чапаев, 1990 год, стр. 23-26.
- Игнатов Ф., Телятов К. Оренбург - Каспий. Очерк-путеводитель.Алма-Ата, «Казахстан», 1978. - 136с.
- Москалёв Г. Е., Таранов А. Г. Природа Уральской области ИздательствоСаратовского Университета, 1985 год, стр. 26-33.
- Петренко А. З., Ли К. А., Дебело П. В. Природа Уральской области и её охрана «Диалог» Уральск 1991.
- Чибилёв А. А. Река Урал Ленинград, Гидрометеоиздат, 1987, стр.68-69.