Nutrition organizational skills of first-year students living in the dormitory

Balanced nutrition, as it is known has a great importance for the growth and development of the body, its mental and physical health. It has a particular importance for first-year students living in a hostel. The strength of student youth is characterized by violations of rational nutrition stereotypes, lack of a number of nutrients, and dependence on academic load [0]. Nonrational nutrition, adaptation to local climate and living in a hostel can contribute to deteriorating the health of students. One of the important components of health is the nutrition culture laid down in childhood and adolescence [0]

The purpose of the study was the assessment of the nutrition organizational skills of first-year students living in the dormitory of the JSC "Astana Medical University " through the specially prepared questionnaire. 161 students of the first-year study were participatedin the research, 100 of them were girls and 61 - boys. The results obtained are analyzed by gender; by the arrival region from for study in Astana - South, North and city, rural areas. Statistical research was conducted using IBM statistics programs in the SPSS 20 using the Pearson’s chi-squared test and nonparametric Mann-Whitney’s test for independent samples

The research conducted showed that 100% of girls and 98% of boys think that they know how to cook. 95% of girls got the cooking skills of true food in the family, and there was 5% more south girl than North ones with cook skills; no differences between city and country were observed. The majority of the boys also learned how to cook in the family (60%) (x Л 2 = 0.015), moreover boys from the north by 19 percent learn to cook food in the family more often than in the south; by 8 percent more often in the village than in the city. Girls can cook both simple and complex dishes. Boys basically can cook only simple dishes. However, girl from south and rural areas more often know how to cook complex dishes, such as lagman, beshbarmak, plov. City girls are mostly can cook porridge and plov. Most of boys from South and rural areas can cook soups, and northern boys - omelets, boiled pasta, porridge; city boys can cook an omelette, boiled pasta. Usually, students cook not only for themselves, but also for roommates.Most students are saving money by buying food in large supermarkets (72%). Girls from the north prefer to buy food in supermarkets more often than southern girl, girl from rural areas more often than girl from city. Boys from the north (45%) and from rural areas (16%) prefer to buy products in the nearest shop. 85% of students receive products from home. Moreover, students from the north receive from home more meat, potatoes and ready meals, while students from the south generally get canned food, jam, rarely - meat. There are students who do not receive food from home, mostly boys from cities (X л 2 = 0.03). Commonly, students buy food once a week - 63%; every other day - 30%; daily - 7%

University canteen is visited by 28% of first-year students daily, 34% - several times a week, 33% - sometimes and 6% of students do not visit canteen. Boys from the north visit canteen by 32% (p <0.05) more often than boys from the south. There are more rural than city boys who who do not visit the university canteen. On weekends, the majority of students (83%) cook by themselves; 11% - visit cafes or order fast food, 8% - eat in relatives homes. Most of the boys from the city do not cook, but visit relatives or eat in a cafeteria (X Л 2 = 0.05). According to students opinion, the main causes of nutrition problems are lack of time (80%) and own disorganization (9%). Also boys believe that it is caused by the lack of finances, and girl - with lack of knowledge on the bases of nutrition. Students from the north by 90% more go home every month than students from the southern region.

As a result, the survey showed that first-year students living in a dormitory have some nutrition organization skills when living alone: almost all students, both boys and girls, buy and cook in dormitory food by themselves. In addition, most students regularly receive food from home, at the weekend they are fed by relatives. There are some gender differences in adaptation to dormitory life: girls acquire cooking skills in the family, while boys acquiring them in the dormitory. Moreover girls from the south, unlike the girls form the north, learned to cook complex meals in the family, while boys from south were did not learn how to cook.

 

List of used literature:

  1. Turganova, M.K. Hygienic assessment of the actual nutrition and energy consumption of foodstuffs among the students of AO MUA, depending on the training load and the time of the year: the author's abstract. Dis ... academ. step., / M.K. Turganov. - Astana 2011.
  2. Ushakova A.Y. The health of students and the factors of its formation // Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod University. N.I. Lobachevsky.-2007. - № 4. -C.197-202.
Year: 2017
City: Shymkent
Category: Medicine