Disability adjusted life years (dalys) for upper respiratory infections in european region

Introduction. Children health is the greatest value of the nation. Health, which is formed in childhood, determines condition of the body throughout all human life, and has an influence on the following generations of the population. Upper respiratory infections, such as the acute streptococcal tonsillitis and pharyngitis, without proper antibiotic therapy can cause disability due to severe systemic postinfection complications [1].

Aim of the Research: to carry out a quantitative assessment of the contribution of upper respiratory infections in the loss of health in childhood on the basis of DALYs.

Materials and methods. The overall burden of disease is assessed using the disability-adjusted life year (DALY), a time-based measure that combines years of life lost due to premature mortality and years of life lost due to time lived in states of less than full health [2]. The study was conducted on the basis of Global Health Estimates Summary Tables the World Health Organisation for 2012 year [3].

Results and discussions. It had been found that the highest level of DALYs for upper respiratory infections had Western Pacific Region (420 DALYs per 1000 population) and the lowest - Eastern Mediterranean Region (170 DALYs per 1000 population). In European region DALYs for upper respiratory infections was equal 282 per 1000 population for all age groups and both sexes.

The highest level of DALYs for upper respiratory infections of European region had been found in adults 30-49 years old (93 496 DALY). Children aged 5-14 years had 45 979 DALYs for upper respiratory infections that was 2,5% lower than people 15-29 years old and 50,8% lower than adults 30-49 years old. By comparison with other WHO regions, children aged 5-14 years of European region had the lowest DALYs level that was 58,5% lower than African Region and 0,6% lower than Eastern Mediterranean Region.

Conclusion. Conducted an analysis of the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) showed that children of European region aged 5-14 years had the lowest level of DALYs for upper respiratory infections in the world.

List of literature

Weber, R. (2014). Pharyngitis. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice, 41(1), pp.91-98.

World Health Organization, (2013). WHO methods and data sources for global burden of disease estimates 2000-2011. Global Health Estimates Technical Paper. [online] Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/GlobalDALYmethods_2000_2011.pdf?ua=1

World Health Organization, (2014). Global health estimates summary tables: DALY by cause, age and sex, by WHO region, 2000-2012. [online] Available at:

http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/estimates/en/index2.html

Year: 2016
City: Shymkent
Category: Medicine